Yucca baccata ssp.baccata Yucca baccata (Banana yucca) File:Yucca baccata whole.jpg
Habitat of Yucca baccata, Grand Canyon National Park. Fruit of Yucca baccata, Coconino National Forest.
Common Name Banana Yucca, Datil Yucca, Broadleaf Yucca
Latin Name Yucca baccata
Family Agavaceae
Sunset zones / USDA zones All / 5-12
Type / Form Succulent / Medium
Native Habitat Southwest deserts 3,500 to 7,500 feet
Soil Dry, decomposed granite, sand, clay loam low in organic content, well drained
Exposure Full sun
Water Once or none per moth or none depending on soil
Height X Width 4 feet X 4 feet, 10 feet X 10 feet rare
Protective Mechanism Spines on leaves
Leaves Evergreen, grayish green, fibers curl off
Flowers Very attractive, creamy white, bell-shaped, 6-petaled, up to 4 inches long, borne on a 3 foot tall upright woody inflorescence, appearing in late spring.
Bark / Roots Gray-brown, initially covered with brown dead leaves.
Maintenance May need trimming
Propagation Seed - sow spring in a greenhouse. Pre-soaking the seed for 24 hours in warm water may reduce the germination time. It usually germinates within 1 - 12 months if kept at a temperature of 20c. Prick out the seedlings into individual pots when they are large enough to handle and grow them on in the greenhouse or cold frame for at least their first two winters. Plant them out into their permanent positions in early summer and consider giving them some winter protection for at least their first winter outdoors - a simple pane of glass is usually sufficient. Seed is not produced in Britain unless the flowers are hand pollinated. Root cuttings in late winter or early spring. Lift in April/May and remove small buds from base of stem and rhizomes. Dip in dry wood ashes to stop any bleeding and plant in a sandy soil in pots in a greenhouse until established. Division of suckers in late spring. Larger divisions can be planted out direct into their permanent positions. We have found that it is best to pot up smaller divisions and grow them on in light shade in a greenhouse or cold frame until they are growing away well. Plant them out in the following spring.
Pests and diseases None
Landscape uses Erosion control, container, rock garden, background
Garden Suitability Sonoran, Songbird, Ethnobotanical
Ornamental Value Gray/green leaves, white, greenish, reddish flowers in spring
Nature Value Birds use flowers and seeds
Native American Uses Flowers, roots, fruit, and stems eaten, fruit dried and made into a drink; fiber from leaves used for cordage, baskets, mats, pint brushes; spines used for needles, roots used for soap
    Images and data http://cals.arizona.edu/pima/gardening/aridplants/Yucca_baccata.html
    Images and data http://www.cnr.vt.edu/DENDRO/DENDROLOGY/Syllabus2/factsheet.cfm?ID=588
    Images and data http://www.desertusa.com/mag00/jun/papr/agave.html
    Images and data http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Yucca_baccata
    Images and data http://www.wildflower.org/plants/result.php?id_plant=yuba
    Images and data http://www.explorenm.com/plants/Agavaceae/Yucca/baccata/
    Images and data http://www.fs.fed.us/database/feis/plants/shrub/yucbac/all.html
    Images and data http://www.desert-tropicals.com/Plants/Agavaceae/Yucca_baccata.html
    Images and data http://www.delange.org/YuccaBanana/YuccaBanana.htm
    Images and data http://www.theodorepayne.org/mediawiki/index.php?title=Yucca_baccata
    Images http://calphotos.berkeley.edu/cgi/img_query?where-taxon=Yucca+baccata
    Data http://www.pfaf.org/database/plants.php?Yucca+baccata
    Data http://www.efloras.org/florataxon.aspx?flora_id=1&taxon_id=242102056
    Data http://ucjeps.berkeley.edu/cgi-bin/get_JM_treatment.pl?Yucca+baccata
    Images, nursery, and data http://www.laspilitas.com/nature-of-california/plants/yucca-baccata
    Seeds, images, and data http://www.plantsofthesouthwest.com/cgi-bin/plantview.cgi?_recordnum=1309
    Distribution map http://plants.usda.gov/java/profile?symbol=YUBA
    Nursery Oak Hills Nursery, 13874 Ranchero Road, Oak Hills, 92345, 760-947-6261