Language; Timucua Taino
Family: Northern Maipuran
Stock: Maipuran
Phylum: Arawakan
Macro-Culture: Florida
Speakers Extinct
      The Yustaga were a sedentary coastal gatherer tribe. They were located along the coast between the Aucilla and the Suwanee Rivers. They took great losses in the Timucuan Uprising and ultimately merged with other Timucuan tribes.
Aboriginal Locations
FL    Cannot be identified
Present Locations
Confederated into the Timucuan Tribes who are now extinct
Year History
1540 Met by De Soto, later by the Huguenots
1656 Osochi may have fissioned from tribe; Timucua uprising
1670 Appeared in a letter, called "Ustagua"
1675 Attached to the several missions, last mention of tribe, merged with other Timucuan peoples
Year Total FL Population   Source
1600 1,000   Mooney estimate
1675 340   Mission census
1700 0   NAHDB calculation
1800 0 NAHDB calculation
1900 0 NAHDB calculation
2000 0   NAHDB calculation 
Other speakers of the same language:
Mococo, Osochi, Pohoy, Potano, Saturiwa, Tacatacuru, Tawasa, Timucua
Yustaga Sites:
500 Year of Baker County
Brief History of the Timucua Taino of Northern Florida
DeSoto's Florida Trails
Florida Archeological Collections
Florida Indian Tribes
Fort Caroline National Memorial
Linguists Research Timucua, a Language with No Speakers
Taino Linguistic Lineage
Taino Timucua Tribe
Timucua Indian Coloring Pages
Timucua Indians
Timucua Indians
Timucua Indians - After the Europeans Came
Timucua Indian Tribe History
Timucua Language

Last updated 10/26/05  Copyright 2005 by Four Directions Press