Language: Havasupai-Walapai-Yavapai
Family: Yuman
Stock: Esselen-Yuman
Phylum: Hokan
Culture: Colorado River
Speakers 440   1990 Census
     The Yavapai were a sedentary hunter/farmer tribe of the Colorado River Culture. Centered in the Verde Valley, they ranged from the Pinal and Mazatzal Mountains almost to the Colorado River, and from the Bill Williams and Santa Maria Rivers south to the northern drainage of the Gila River.  They share the Pai sub-culture with the Havasupai and Hualapai of Arizona, and the Paipai of Mexico. They suffered in conflicts with other Colorado River tribes and from the White influx.
Aboriginal Locations
Divisions (Subdivisions)
Kewevikopaya or Southeastern, Yevepe or Northeastern (Mathaupapaya, Tolkepaya, Yevepe)
Arizona Present Locations
AZ  Camp Verde Reservation, Middle Verde
       Fort McDowell Reservation, Scottsdale
       Yavapai Prescott Indian Reservation
Year History
1582 Mentioned by Luxon of the Espejo expedition
1598 Met by Marcos Farian de los Godos
1604 Visited by Onate
1776 Met by Francisco Garces 
1873 Removed to Verde River Agency
1875 Placed on the San Carlos Apache Reservation
1890 Had filtered back to the Verde Valley
1901 Assigned the abandoned Camp McDowell Military Reservation
1903 Camp Verde Reservation set aside for tribe
1904 US purchased settlers claims to tribal lands
1905 Tuberculosis epidemic
Year U.S. Population Source
1680 1,500 Gifford estimate
1700 1,500 NAHDB calculation
1800 1,200 NAHDB calculation
1873 1,000 Verde River Agency
1900 600 NAHDB calculation
1903 550 Camp Verde Reservation
1910 549 Census
1973 682 BIA
1989 750 NAHDB estimate based on BIA data
2000 850 NAHDB calculation
Other speakers of the same language:
Hualapai, Havasupai
Yavapai Sites:
Colorado River Culture and Ethnobotany
Depression Era and the Yavapai
Fort McDowell Indian Community, Law and Order Code
Heavily Used Colorado River ...
Havasupai-Walapai-Yavapai Language
Havasupai-Walapai-Yavapai Linguistic Lineage
Jilmulla, Viola
Montezuma, Carlos, Papers
Pai Yuman People
Tribe Donates Skull Valley Fire Station
Who Is a Tribal Indian ...?
Yavapai-Apache Creation Stories
Yavapai-Apache Nation
Yavapai Basket - Watercolor
Yavapai Celebrate Legacy of Bold Sovereign Action
Yavapai Indians
Yavapai Indian Tribe
Yavapai People
Yavapai:  People of the Sun
Yavapai Prescott Baskets
Yavapai Prescott Indian Tribe
Yavapai Survived Against Great Odds
Yavapai Tribe Moving Forward ...
Yuman Mountain Tribes
Yuman Mythology

Last updated 01277/05  Copyright 2005 by Four Directions Press