Language: Alsea (Yaquina dialect)
Family: Coast Oregon Penutian
Stock: Oregon Penutian
Phylum: Macro-Penutian
Macro-Culture: Northwestern
Speakers 10   in 1930 (1977 Voeglin and Voeglin)
     The Yaquina were a coastal sedentary hunter/gatherer nation.  They lived about the Yaquina River and Bay  They experienced huge population losses from smallpox and ultimately joined with other tribes at Siletz, thus losing their cultural and tribal identity.
Aboriginal Locations (Subdivisions (# of villages)
OR Northern (20), Southern (36)
Oregon Present Locations
Confederated Tribes of Siletz, Siletz
Year History
1788 American ship Columbia anchored in offshore waters, noted hostility of Indian
1824 Smallpox epidemic
1829 Smallpox epidemic (combined with earlier epidemic reduced population by 80%)
1841 Beginning of the arrival of Oregon Trail settlers, conflicts followed
1875 Removed to Siletz Reservation
1956 Siletz Reservation terminated
1977 Confederated Tribes of Siletz founded
Year U.S. Population Source
1700 4,600 NAHDB calculation
1780 4,600 Mooney est. (6,000 less 1,400 allowance for Alsea)
1800 4,600 NAHDB calculation
1900 0 NAHDB calculation
2000 0 NAHDB calculation
Other speakers of the same language:
Alsea Sites:
Alsea and Lewis and Clark
Alsea and Lewis and Clark
Alsea Bay and River History
Alsea Creation Stories
Alsea Fishing Skills ...
Alsea History
Alsea Indian History
Alsea Indian Subagency
Alsea Indian Women Dress ...
Alsea Language
Alsea Language
Alsea Linguistic Lineage
Confederated Tribes of Siletz
Confederated Tribes of Siletz
Congressional Act Moving Alsea to Siletz
Coos and Alsea Material
Index to Siletz Reservation Documents
Indians of the Coast
Northwest: Oregon Culture and Ethnobotany
Siletz and Alsea
Siletz Burials
Stealing from the Indians
What's a Yaquina?
Yaquina Indian Tribe

Last updated 02/13/05  Copyright 2005 by Four Directions Press