Ethnie: YAQUI
Language: Yaqui
Family: Cahitian
Stock: Uto-Aztecan
Phylum: Aztec-Tanoan
Macro-Culture: Southwestern
Speakers 406 1990 Census
      The Yaqui were sedentary hunter/farmers.  Aboriginally, they lived on the Rio Yaqui in Sonora, Mexico.  They were late refugees to the United States from the Mexican Revolution.  Many later returned to their homeland.
Aboriginal Locations
Arizona Present Locations
AZ  Barrio Libre, Tucson
       Guadalupe, Phoenix
       Marana, Tucson
       Old Pasqua, Tucson
       Pasqua Yaqui Tribe, Tucson
MX Yaqui, Altar, Sonora
Year History
1533 First contact with slaving Spaniards in Rio Yaqui Valley, Sonora, Mexico, large numbers killed in battle
1608 Beginning of three years of Spanish attacks
1684 Silver discovered in Yaqui territory, Spanish encroachments began
1740 Yaqui allied with Mayo tribe in protracted war with Spanish, and later the Mexicans
1833 Chief Juan Banderas executed by Mexicans
1868 120 Yaquis massacred in a church by Mexicans
1884 Began moving to Arizona (3,000 refugees)
1890  Old Guadalupe settled
1897 Peace treaty signed between Yaquis and Mexico
1910 Guadalupe settled on 40 acres, many others returned to Mexico
1964 Federal Government deeded 202 acres to "Pasqua Yaqui Association"
1994 Yaquis given "Historical Status" under federal legislation
Year U.S. Population Source
1700 0 NAHDB calculation
1800 0 NAHDB calculation
1900 3,500 NAHDB calculation
1947 2,800 Spicer
1981 5,400 Valenzuela
2000 6,500 NAHDB calculation
Other speakers of the same language:
None in U.S. but several in Mexico
Yaqui Sites:
Casino del Sol
Casino of the Sun
Celebrating Their Culture ...
Death Resolution:  Anselmo Valencia Tori
Great Yaqui People
Hartman, Terry, Yaqui, Impressionist
Pasqua Yaqui Indian People, Legal Status
Pasqua Yaqui Tribe
Pasqua Yaqui Tribe
Tribal Approach to Language ...
Yaqui and Mayo Easter Ceremonies
Yaqui Ceramic Manufacturing Business
Yaqui History
Yaqui Indian Reservation
Yaqui Language
Yaqui Linguistic Lineage
Yaqui Literature
Yaqui / Native Americans / Cotton Pickers
Yaqui Newspaper Project
Yaqui Pearling Stories
Yaqui's Old Pasqua Village ...
Yaqui Vocabulary

Last updated 01/27/05  Copyright 2005 by Four Directions Press