Language: Mikasuki
Family: Eastern Muskogee
Stock: Muskogee
Phylum: Algic
Macro-Culture: Eastern Woodlands
Speakers None
       The Yamasee were a sedentary hunter/farmer nation. They lived in Georgia on the Okmulgee, not far above the conflux of the Oconee. They extended northeast to above Savannah into South Carolina, remaining inland. They were devastated in the Yamasee War against the British and ultimately joined the Seminole and Creek Confederacies.
Aboriginal Locations: Subdivisions (Villages)
GA   Lower (3), Upper (4)
SC   Lower (2), Upper (1)
Present Locations
Confederated into the Creek now in AL and OK, and the Seminole now in FL and OK
Year History
1521 Mentioned by Francisco de Chicora as "Yamiscaron"
1540 Probably mentioned by De Soto as "Altamaha"; tribe subordinate to the Hitchiti
1597 Visited by Spanish soldier Gaspar de Salas and 2 Franciscan friars
1633 Asked for missionaries
1639 Peace made with Chatot, Apalachee, and Lower Creeks
1670 Smallpox epidemic after this year
1675 Settled near two missions founded by Bishop Calderon of Cuba in Apalachee country on the south Georgia coast
1684 Offended by Spanish governor, moved to South Carolina, 87 warriors took part in Barnwell's expedition against the Tuscarora
1703 Joined by a tribe called the Yoa [?]
1715 Rose in rebellion (Yamasee Wars) against the British, defeated by Governor Craven, took refuge at St. Augustine, allied with Spaniards; absorbed surviving Waxhaw
1725 Villages raided by British and allies
1728 Villages raided by British and allies
1730 Eventually settled mostly among Seminole, though some joined Creeks
Year Total Pop. GA SC FL Source
1650 2,000 1,300 700   Mooney estimate
1675 1,190         Governor Salazar estimate
1700 1,200   1,200   NAHDB calculation
1715 1,215         Census
1800 200     200 NAHDB calculation
1900 0       NAHDB calculation 
2000 0       NAHDB calculation 
Other speakers of the same language:
Apalachicola, Chiaha, Hitchiti, Miccosuki, Oconee, Ocmulgee, Sawokli, Tamathli
Yamasee Sites:
Land of Promise
Miccosuki Language
Mikasuki Language
Mikasuki Linguistic Lineage
Observations on the Seminole Indians - 1823
Our Yamasee Tribe
Reconstruction Proto-Muskogean Language and Prehistory
Something Cloudy in Their Looks
Yamasee Indian Tribe History
Yamasee War
Yamasee War
Yamasee War 1715-1718

Last updated 10/10/05  Copyright 2005 by Four Directions Press