Language: Yakima
Family: Shahaptin
Stock: Plateau Penutian
Phylum: Penutian
Macro-Culture: Northwestern
Speakers 69   1996 
     The Yakima were sedentary, relied heavily on fishing, and were avid traders including the trading of slaves. They lived on the south side of the Columbia River between The Dalles and the Washington border.  They suffered enormously from the White influx even though they had good relations with the early White traders.
Aboriginal Locations (Villages)
OR with up to 5 villages
Oregon Present Locations
WA  Yakima Reservation, Toppenish
Year History
1805 Visited by Lewis and Clark who wintered at Fort Clatsop near present Astoria
1811 Astoria founded; David Thompson explored the length of the Columbia River
1820 Began a 10 year venture south taking advantage fever ridden Willamette tribed
1841 Influx of Oregon Trail settlers, conflicts began
1847 Measles epidemic
1853 Smallpox epidemic
1855 Yakima Reservation created
1856 Attacked the City of Seattle  
Year Total Population Source
1700 3,000 NAHDB calculation
1780 3,000 Mooney estimate
1800 3,000 NAHDB calculation
1900 3,000 NAHDB calculation (18 tribes had confederated into Yakima)
1923 2,939 US Indian Office
1937 2,933 US Indian Office
1989 6,706 BIA
2000 8,500 NAHDB calculation
2004 8,870 IHC
Other speakers of the same language:
Klikitat Sites:
... And Woman Wove it in a Basket
Battle of Seattle
Col. Wright Hangs Yakama and Palouse Prisoners
Confederated Tribes and Bands of the Yakima Nation
Jackson, Nettie, Basketweaver
Klickitat Basket
Klickitat Basket
Klickitat Basket, Cedar Bark
Klickitat Baskets
Klikitat Basket
Klikitat Basket
Klikitat Basket of Apples ...
Klikitat Baskets
Klikittat Indian with Pony
Klikitat:  The Quiet Mountain
Lewis and Clark Bicentennial
Lewis and Clark Bicentennial Mural
Lewis and Clark Leave Washington State ... 1806
Mt. Saint Helens Legend
Native American Myths
Potlatch of the Northwest Coast
Residents' Stories Tell of Husum's Past
Sahaptin Dictionary
Sam, Mary, Basketweaver ...
Tulee v. State of Washington
U. S. Establishes Fort Simcoe - 1856
U. S. Expropriates Tribal Lands Legally
Who Were Those Indians?
Yakama Flag
Yakama Indian Fishing History
Yakama Indian Nation
Yakama Indian Nation
Yakama Indian Tribe
Yakama Language, Healthy Sign
Yakama Legends Casino
Yakama Nation
Yakama Nation Cultural Heritage Center
Yakama Nation Land Enterprise
Yakama Nation Tribal Profile
Yakama Sahaptin Language
Yakama Vocabulary
Yakima Authors
Yakima Forest Products
Yakima Indian Chiefs - 1900
Yakima Language
Yakima Language
Yakima Linguistic Lineage
Yakima Reservation Boundary
Yakima Treaty of Camp Stevens
Yakima War Begins - 1855
Watlala Indian Tribe
"Way It Was, The"

Last updated 03/07/05  Copyright 2005 by Four Directions Press