Language: Catawba
Family: Southeastern Siouan
Stock: Siouan Proper
Phylum: Siouan
Macro-Culture: Eastern Woodlands
Speakers None
      The Wateree were a sedentary hunter/farmer tribe. They were located on the Wateree River south of present Camden. The eastern Siouans fissioned from the Indian greater Siouan culture about 1,000 B. C. and crossed the Appalachians displacing the previous inhabitants. The Wateree took huge losses in war and ultimately joined the Catawba.
Aboriginal Locations: Subdivisions (Villages)
SC    (1)
Present Locations
Year History
1566 Mentioned by Juan Pardo "Guatari" after expedition into their territory, Pardo left a priest and 4 soldiers, later left a garrison of 17 soldiers who were soon all killed by the Indians
1670 Further north per Lederer but on Wateree when met by Lawson, smallpox ensued
1711 Aided Barnwell against the Tuscarora
1715 Large losses in Yamasee War; located on Wateree in Fairfield County
1740 Claimed lands of Fredericksburg township
1744 Joined Catawba after selling lands to a White trader
Year Total SC  Pop. Source
1600 1,000 Mooney estimate
1700 600 NAHDB calculation
1800 0 NAHDB calculation
1900 0 NAHDB calculation 
2000 0 NAHDB calculation 
Other speakers of the same language:
Catawba, Cheraw, Congaree, Santee, Sewee, Waxhaw, Woccon
Wateree Sites:
Catawba Language
Catawba Language
Catawba Language
Catawba Language Department
Catawba Linguistic Lineage
Indian Trader John Lawson's Journal
Wateree Archeological Research Project
Wateree Indian Tribe History

Last updated 10/11/05  Copyright 2005 by Four Directions Press