Ethnie: WASCO
Language: Wasco-Wishram dialect of Upper Chinookan
Family: Chinookan
Stock: Chinookan
Phylum: Penutian
Macro-Culture: Northwestern
Speakers 69   1996 
     The Wasco were sedentary, relied heavily on fishing, and were avid traders including the trading of slaves.  The Wasco were on the south side of the Columbia River at about the Dalles.  They suffered enormously from the White influx even though they had good relations with the early White traders.
Aboriginal Locations (Villages)
OR with 21 villages or fishing stations
Oregon Present Locations
OR  Warm Springs Reservation,  Warm Springs (Watlala)
Year History
1805 Visited by Lewis and Clark who wintered at Fort Clatsop near present Astoria
1811 Astoria founded; David Thompson explored the length of the Columbia River
1824 Smallpox epidemic
1829 Smallpox epidemic (combined with earlier epidemic reduced population 80%)
1830 Malaria epidemic
1841 Influx of Oregon Trail settlers, conflicts began
1847 Measles epidemic
1855 Settled on Warm Springs Reservation
Year U.S. Population Source
1700 900 NAHDB calculation
1780 900 Mooney estimate
1800 900 NAHDB calculation
1822 900 Morse
1900 0 NAHDB calculation (Had confederated into other tribes)
2000 0 NAHDB calculation
Other speakers of the same language:
Upper Chinookan Tribes, Wishram
Clackamas Tribes Sites:
Bicentennial Bash ...
Buried Treasure:  Archeologists ...
Capitalizing the Chinook
Central Oregon
Chinook Artifacts Found
Chinook Authors
Chinook Book
Chinook Dictionary, Catechism, Prayers, and Hymns
Chinook Indian
Chinook Indian Hat
Chinook Indian Jargon
Chinook Indians
Chinook Indians
Chinook Literature
Chinook Literature
Chinook Native Americans
Chinook People
Chinook, Roxanne, Art
Chinook Texts
Chinook Tribe
Chinook Tribe
Chinook Tribes
Columbia River Treaty Tribes
Courtney-Gold, Pat, Basket
Courtney-Gold, Pat, Basket Weaver
Courtney-Gold, Pat - Childhood
Coyote Places the Stars
Elk Spirit of Lost Lake
Florendo, James, Academic Advisor
Legend of the Chinook Indians
Legends of Vancouver
Lewis and Clark Bicentennial
Lewis and Clark Bicentennial Mural
Lewis and Clark:  Chinook on the Columbia
Native American Basketry
Northwest:  Chinookan Culture and Ethnobotany
Oregon Leg of Famed Expedition ...
Round Twined Root-gathering Basket
Upper Chinookan
Warm Springs Flag
Warm Springs Tribe
Wasco Authors
Waso Indian
Wasco Indian Tribe
Wasco-Wishram and Watlala
Wasco-Wishram Language
Wasco-Wishran Linguistic Lineage
Who Were Those Indians?

Last updated 02/13/05  Copyright 2005 by Four Directions Press