Language: Wallawalla
Family: Shahaptin
Stock: Plateau Penutain
Phylum: Penutian
Macro-Culture: Northwestern Plateau
Speakers 0
     The Wallawalla were a semi-sedentary hunter/gatherer tribe.  They were originally located in Washington along the Wallawalla River and a short span along the Columbia River and the Snake River about the Oregon/Washington border.  They traded with the first Whites to arrive, but ultimately had conflicts and suffered from the later settlers.
Aboriginal Locations
WA  Subdivisions ?
Oregon Present Locations
OR  Umatilla Reservation, Pendleton
Year History
1805 Met Lewis and Clark
1806 Hosted Lewis and Clark on return trip
1811 David Thompson explored the length of the Columbia River
1841 Influx of Oregon Trail settlers began, conflicts followed
1855 Involved in Yakima War, joined in the treaty which created the Umatilla Reservation
Year U.S. Population OR WA Source
1700 750 750 NAHDB calculation
1780 750 Mooney estimate less 750 Umatilla
1800 750 750 NAHDB calculation
1900 0 0 0 NAHDB calculation (Had confeserated into Umatilla in OR)
2000 0 0 0 NAHDB calculation
Other speakers of the same language:
Wallawalla Sites:
Chief of the Walla Wallas
Confederated Tribes of Umatilla
Confederated Tribes of the Umatilla Indian Reservation
History of Walla Walla
Kamiakin and the Yakima Indian War of 1855
Letter from Ft. Walla Walla:  Fr. de Smet
Life at Ft. Walla Walla
Northeastern Oregon Natives ...
Northwest Plateau Culture and Ethnobotany
Oregon Trail
Tamastslikt Cultural Institute
Umatilla Tribes
Walla Walla Council of 1855
Walla Walla Indians
Walla Walla Indian Woman
Wallawalla Language
Wallawalla Linguistic Lineage
Walla Walla People
Walla Wallas and Nez Perces
Walla Walla Treaty of Camp Stevens
Yakima and Wallawalla Indians
Your Indian Hosts

Last updated 02/12/05  Copyright 2005 by Four Directions Press