Ethnie: UMPQUA
Language: Tolowa-Galice
Family: Pacific Coast Athapaskan
Stock: Athapaskan
Phylum: Na-Dene
Macro-Culture: Northwestern
Speakers 10 or fewer   1962 Chafe
     The Umpqua were sedentary hunter/gatherer tribes of the upper course of Oregon's Umpqua River.  The Pacific Coast Athapaskans arrived in the area late in the first millennium from Canada.  The tribe was placed, with others, on the Coast Reservation as a result of the Rogue River Wars, and later all were removed to the Siletz Reservation where they confederated with other tribes.
Aboriginal Locations (Villages)
OR: villages?
Oregon Present Locations 
OR Confederated Tribes of Siletz, Siletz, , , and 
       Confederated Tribe Grand Ronde, Grand Ronde
       Cow Creek Band of Umpqua Indians,
        Confederated Tribes of Coos, Lower Umpqua, and Siuslaw Indians, Coos Bay, Roseberg
Year History
1841 Influx of Oregon Trail settlers began, conflicts followed
1847 Measles epidemic
1853 Rogue River gold discovery
1855 Rogue River War began with Lupton Massacre followed by Capt. John Rampage killing up to 40 Whites ... the Galice attack, and battles at Hungry Hill and Black Bar
1856 Gold Beach Uprising, 12 Indians killed at Massacre Rock, up to 30 killed at Meadows Battle, Indians surrendered after Battle of Big Bend, 1,200 moved to the Coast Reservation, many of tribe marched to Grand Ronde, many fugitives hid in ancestral territory
1857 Grande Ronde Reservation established
1875 Removed to Siletz Reservation
1918 Cow Creek Umpqua established a formal tribal government
1954 Cow Creek Umpqua terminated
1855 Some joined the Coos Reservation
1956 Siletz Reservation terminated
1977 Confederated Tribes of Siletz founded
1982 Cow Creek Umpqua restored
1992 Cow Creek Umpqua opened Seven Feathers Hotel and Casino Resort
Year U.S. Population Source
1700 800 NAHDB calculation
1800 800 NAHDB calculation
1856 Survivors put on several reservations, lost separate identity
1900 0 NAHDB calculation
2000 0 NAHDB calculation
Other speakers of the same language:
Umpqua Sites:
Champion of Indian Causes
Confedeerated Tribes of Siletz Indians ...
Confederated Tribes of Siletz
Cow Creek Band of Umpqua Indians
Index to Siletz Reservation Documents
Indians of the Coast
Northwest: Oregon Culture and Ethnobotany
Oregon Indian Tribes
Seven Feathers Hotel and Casino Resort
Siletz and Alsea
Siletz Burials
Table Rocks
Thomason Tribal Cemetery
Tolowa-Galice Language
Tolowa-Galice Linquistic Lineage
Umpqua Question

Last updated 02/08/05  Copyright 2005 by Four Directions Press