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Umatilla Tribes

 

 

Ethnie: UMATILLA TRIBES
Member Tribes: Tribes Language Phylum
Cayuse Cayuse Macro-Penutian
Umatilla Umatilla Macro-Penutian
Wallawalla Wallawalla Macro-Penutian
Macro-Culture: Northwestern
     The Umatilla Tribes were all semi-sedentary hunter/gatherer tribes of the Northwestern Plateau.  They were located on the Umatilla Reservation in 1855. 
Aboriginal Locations
OR  Cayuse (no subdivisions), Umatilla (number of subdivisions unknown), Wallawalla (number of subdivisions unknown)
Present Locations
OR  Umatilla Reservation, Pendleton
Year History
1855 Cayuse and Wallawalla joined reservation
1949 United as a single tribal government
Year U.S. Population Source
1700 0 NAHDB calculation
1800 0 NAHDB calculation
1855 1,100 NAHDB estimate
Cayuse 400
Umatilla 250
Wallawalla 450
1900 1,100 NAHDB calculation
2,400 Intertribal Monitoring Association
2000 2,400 NAHDB calculation
Umatilla Tribes Sites:
Cayuse  http://www.mnsu.edu/emuseum/cultural/northamerica/cayuse.html
Cayuse History  http://logos.uoregon.edu/explore/oregon/chistory.html
Cayuse Indian Tribe  http://www.accessgenealogy.com/native/tribes/waiilatpuan/cayuseindianhist.htm
Cayuse Indian War  http://bluebook.state.or.us/cultural/history/history11.htm
Cayuse Warriors  http://gladstone.uoregon.edu/~cmh18294/caywar.html
Confederated Tribes of Umatilla  http://www.itmatrustfunds.org/Tribal_Members_Folder/Umatilla.htm
Confederated Tribes of the Umatilla Indian Reservations  http://www.critfc.org/text/umatilla.html
Confederated Tribes of the Umatilla Reservation  http://www.umatilla.nsn.us/
Indians of Eastern Oregon  http://www.nps.gov/joda/lee/lee1-1.htm
Northeastern Oregon Natives ...  http://www.chenowith.k12.or.us/tech/subject/social/natam_or/northeast.html
Northwest Plateau Culture and Ethnobotany  http://www.fourdir.com/northwest_plateau_culture.htm
Oregon Trail  http://linnhistory.peak.org/1853/1853immore.html
Peace Medals ...  http://www.nathpo.org/News/Lewis_Clark/News_Lewis29.htm
Tamastslikt Cultural Institute  http://www.nps.gov/whmi/press/tci.htm
Tamastslikt Cultural Institute  http://www.pbs.org/wotp/tribes/umatilla/
Tribal Museum/Education Center ...  http://www.turtletrack.org/Issues00/Co01082000/CO_01082000_Umatilla.htm
Umatilla Constitution and By-Laws  http://thorpe.ou.edu/constitution/umatilla.html
Umatilla Indian Reservation  http://www.ccrh.org/curr/umatillares.html
Umatilla Language  http://www.ethnologue.com/show_language.asp?code=UMA
Umatilla Linguistic Lineage  http://www.ethnologue.com/show_lang_family.asp?code=UMA
Umatilla Photo  http://gallery.unl.edu/picinfo/688.html
Umatilla Photo  http://www.shadow-catchers.com/GALLERIES/Galleries/Ethnic/NativeA-I.htm
Umatilla Photo:  Boy  http://gesswhoto.com/grumpy-little-chief.html
Umatilla Photo Gallery  http://www.nps.gov/whmi/gallery/h_moor.htm
Umatilla Photos  http://gallery.unl.edu/picinfo/676.html
Umatilla Sovereignty and Tribal Government  http://www.l3-lewisandclark.com/ShowOneObject.asp?SiteID=33&ObjectID=668
Umatilla Tribe  http://www.u-s-history.com/pages/h1540.html
Umatilla Tribe Authors  http://www.ipl.org/div/natam/bin/browse.pl/t112
Umatilla Tribe Grows Its Own  http://www.indiancountry.com/content.cfm?id=1095357399
Walla Walla Council of 1855  http://www.ccrh.org/comm/umatilla/Native5.htm
Walla Walla Council of 1855  http://www.ccrh.org/comm/umatilla/Native5.htm
Walla Walla Indian Tribe  http://www.accessgenealogy.com/native/tribes/indiantribehistory9.htm#Wallawalla
Wallawalla Language  http://www.ethnologue.com/show_language.asp?code=WAA
Wallawalla Linguistic Lineage  http://www.ethnologue.com/show_lang_family.asp?code=WAA
Walla Walla People  http://www.angelfire.com/realm/shades/nativeamericans/wallawalla.htm
Who Owns the Past? ...  http://www.pbs.org/wotp/tribes/umatilla/
Your Indian Hosts  http://www.happycanyon.com/hosts.htm

Last updated 02/13/05  Copyright 2005 by Four Directions Press