Language: Umatilla
Family: Shahaptin
Stock: Plateau Penutian
Phylum: Macro-Penutian
Macro-Culture: Northwestern Plateau
Speakers 50 1977 SIL
     The Umatilla were a semi-sedentary hunter/gatherer tribe of the Northwestern Plateau.  They were located on the Umatilla River and on the Columbia adjacent to the mouth of the Umatilla.  They traded with the first Whites to arrive, but ultimately had conflicts with and suffered from the later settlers.  They likewise suffered from losses in the Bannock and Yakima Wars.
Aboriginal Locations
Present Locations
OR  Umatilla Reservation, Pendleton
Year History
1805 Met by Lewis and Clark
1811 David Thompson explored the length of the Columbia River
1824 Smallpox epidemic
1829 Smallpox epidemic
1841 Influx of Oregon Trail settlers began, conflicts followed
1847 Measles epidemic, 
1851 Partially merged with Nez Perce
1855 Involved in Yakima War
Year U.S. Population Source
1700 750 NAHDB calculation
1800 750 NAHDB calculation
1855 300 NAHDB estimate
1900 0 NAHDB calculation (Had joined Confederated tribes of Umatilla Reservation)
2000 0 NAHDB calculation
Other speakers of the same language:
Umatilla Sites:
Confederated Tribes of Umatilla
Confederated Tribes of the Umatilla Indian Reservations
Confederated Tribes of the Umatilla Reservation
Indians of Eastern Oregon
Northeastern Oregon Natives ...
Northwest Plateau Culture and Ethnobotany
Oregon Trail
Peace Medals ...
Tamastslikt Cultural Institute
Tamastslikt Cultural Institute
Tribal Museum/Education Center ...
Umatilla Constitution and By-Laws
Umatilla Indian Reservation
Umatilla Language
Umatilla Linguistic Lineage
Umatilla Photo
Umatilla Photo
Umatilla Photo:  Boy
Umatilla Photo Gallery
Umatilla Photos
Umatilla Sovereignty and Tribal Government
Umatilla Tribe
Umatilla Tribe Authors
Umatilla Tribe Grows Its Own
Who Owns the Past? ...
Your Indian Hosts

Last updated 02/08/05  Copyright 2005 by Four Directions Press