Ethnie: TUTELO
Language: Tutelo
Family: Southeastern Siouan
Stock: Siouan Proper
Phylum: Siouan
Macro-Culture: Eastern Woodlands
Speakers None
       The Tutelo were a sedentary hunter/farmer tribe closely related to the Saponi. The eastern Siouans fissioned from the greater Siouan culture about 1,000 BC and crossed the Appalachians displacing the previous inhabitants. The Tutelo were located about present Salem, Virginia. They were destroyed by the Iroquois who ultimately absorbed the survivors.
Aboriginal Locations: Subdivisions (Villages)
VA    1
Present Locations
Extinct as a culture
Year History
1607 Jamestown settlement
1614 Tribe appears on map of New Netherlands located on the Susquehanna River [?]
1670 Smallpox epidemic sometime after this year
1671 Visited by Fallon and Batts near present Salem, Virginia
1701 Found by Lawson on headwaters of Yadkin
1702 May have been joined by some Monacan [?]
1714 Settled at Fort Christanna on Meherrin River with Saponi and Occaneechi
1722 Peace with Iroquois and Virginia tribes; later moved to Shamokin PA under Iroquois protection
1748 Moved to Shogari on north branch of Susquehanna in present Columbia County PA
1753 Formally adopted into Iroquois
1771 Settled on east side of Cayuga inlet
1779 Village destroyed by Sullivan, tribe stayed with Cayuga
1898 Last U.S. Tutelo speaking person died, some descendants living among Iroquois
1935 Ga-poga-tadyi made disc recordings of original Tutelo liturgies in Canada, 7 surviving families
Year Total VA Pop. Source
1700 250 NAHDB calculation
1701 250   Lawson
1800 0 NAHDB calculation
1900 0 NAHDB calculation 
2000 0 NAHDB calculation 
Other speakers of the same language:
Manahoac, Monacan, Moneton, Nahyssan, Saponi
Tutelo Sites:
Shake the Bush Dance
Tutelo Indian Tribe History
Tutelo Language
Tutelo Language
Tutelo Language Revitalized
Tutelo Linguistic Lineage

Last updated 10/11/05  Copyright 2005 by Four Directions Press