Language: Tlingit
Family: Tlingit
Stock: Nuclear Na-Dene
Phylum: Na-Dene
Macro-Culture: Northwest





Speakers 700    (1995)  M. Krausse
       The Tlingit were a large sedentary coastal maritime hunter nation of the northwest culture. They occupied all of the coast and islands of the southern arm of Alaska from Yukatat Bay southward. They suffered from numerous conflicts with the Russians, and later, the Americans.
Aboriginal Locations (Villages)
AK     Auk (2), Chilkat (7), Gonaho (1), Hehl (1), Henya or Hanega (3), Huna (6), Hutsnuwu (3), Kake (1), Kuiu (2), Sanya (1), Sitka (8), Stikine (3), Sumdum (1), Taku (2), Tongass (2), Yakutat (4)
Present Locations
AK    Chugach Alaska Corporation, Ancorage
          Katalla-Chilkat Tlingit Tribe of Alaska, Juneau
          Sealaska Corporation, Juneau
BC     Taku River Tlingit First Nation, Atlin
Year History
1741 Territory discovered by Chirikoff and Bering, soon to be followed other Russians as well as explorers and traders from Mexico, England, France, and New England
1775 Spaniard Bruno de Hetza visit started smallpox epidemic
1786 La Perouse lost two boats and their men in severe tides of Lituya Bay
1799 Russians built a fort near
1802 Sitka Natives drove Whites from Sitka post
1804 Baranoff drove Indians from fort, Sitka later became Alaska capital until 1906, Indian outbreaks continued due to rough Russian treatment
1836 Smallpox epidemic
1840 Smallpox epidemic
1867 Alaska Purchase
1868 US Troops destroyed Stikine and Kake
1877 Presbyterian mission established
1882 Presbyterian mission established
1898 Klondike gold rush
Year Total Population AK BC   Source
1700 10,000 10,000     NAHDB calculation
1740 10,000       Mooney estimate
1800 8,000 8,000     NAHDB calculation
1835 5,850       Veniaminoff estimate
1839 5,455       Sir James Douglas estimate
1840 4,501       Veniaminoff estimate
1861 8,597       Lt. Wehrman, Russian Navy census
1880 6,763       Petroff census
1890 4,501       Census
1900 5,000 4,700 300   NAHDB calculation
1910 4,426       Census
1920 3,895       Census
1930 4,462       Census
1974 422       CDIA (Inland Tlingit)
1978 411       CDIA (Inland Tlingit)
1995 10,000       M. Krausse
2000 11,000 10,000 1,000   NAHDB calculation
Other speakers of the same language:
Tlingit Sites
Alaskan Tlingit Photos
American Indian, Eskimo, and Aleut Population
Angoon, Alaska
Angoon Indian Village ...
Athabaskan Tlingit Indian Knifes
Central Council of the Tlingit and Haida Indian Tribes of Alaska
Chugach Legends
Church Apologizes for Missionary Abuses
Fishing and the Tlingit Indians
Haines, Alaska
Hoonah Tlingit
Last Great Potlatch
Medicine Cabinet for Alaska Tribe
Peace hat returned to Alaska's Tlingit Tribe
Rofcar, Teri, Alaskan Native Basketry and Weaving
Russian America
Sealaska Heritage Institute
Sitka Tribal Enterprises
Taku River Tlingit First Nation
Taku River Tlingit First Nation
Taku River Tlingit Territory
Teslin Tlingit Council
Tlingit Art and Culture
Tlingit Authors
Tlingit Baskets
Tlingit Carver - Israel Shotridge
Tlingit Chief
Tlingit Culture
Tliingit History
Tlingit History
Tlingit Indian Wearing Duck Mouth Cap figurine
Tlingit Language
Tlingit Language
Tlingit Language
Tlingit Language
Tlingit Language
Tlingit Language
Tlingit Language Chart
Tlingit Language Family
Tlingit Language Plaque
Tlingit Linguistic Lineage
Tlingit Literature
Tlingit Miniature Canoe
Tlingit Nation
Tlingit Nation
Tlingit Native American Art
Tlingit Native American Culture
Tlingit Photos
Tlingit Tribes, Clans, and Clan Houses
Tlingit Tribe turns to Devil's Club for ailments
Tribal Art and Ethnographica
Wrapped in tradition ...

Last updated 10/26/05  Copyright 2005 by Four Directions Press