Language: Huron
Family: Northern Iroquoian
Stock: Iroquoian
Phylum: Macro-Siouan
Macro-Culture: Eastern Woodlands
      The Tionontati were a sedentary hunter/farmer nation known for Tobacco farming.  The Tionontati were nearly destroyed by their relatives, the Iroquois. Numerous relocations followed for the survivors. During and subsequent to the Beaver Wars with the Iroquois, surviving Huron, Neutrals, Erie, Wenro, and Tionontati confederated into the Wyandot.
Aboriginal Locations (Subdivisions)
ON    Ehouae, Ekarenniondi, Etarita, St. Andre, St. Barthelemy, St. Jacques et St. Philippe, St. Simon et St. Jude, St. Thomas
Present Locations
Confederated into the Wyandot
Year History
1610 Had been at war with the Huron
1616 Met Samuel de Champlain, were hostile to first missionaries
1630 Began crossing into Michigan to hunt
1640 Jesuit mission established among tribe; Beaver Wars began with Iroquois
1649 Attignawantan Huron took refuge in the Tionontati villages after being defeated by the Iroquois; the Iroquois soon attacked the tionontati with the main village at Etarita being destroyed, its mission (St. Jean) burned, and two Jesuits, Father Charles Garnier and Father Noel Chabanel, tortured to death, approximately 1,000 Tionontati and Huron, mostly Tionontati, managed to escape to the north by canoe
1651 The Iroquois followed and attacked the Huron and Tionontati at Mackinac Island and the two tribes removed to an island in Green Bay
1652 Confederated Huron and Tionontati soon became known as Wyandot
Year Total Population ON Source
1600 8,000 8,000 Mooney estimate
1700 0 NAHDB calculation
1800 0 NAHDB calculation
1900 0 NAHDB calculation 
2000 0 NAHDB calculation 
Other speakers of the same language:
Eerie, Huron, Wenro, Wyandot
Tioontati Sites:
Garnier, Charles, 1606, 1649
Minesing Man
Missions Among Indians
"Petun" and the Petuns
Petun Nation
Tionontatehronnon (Petun)
Tionontati History
Tionontati Indian Tribe History
Tobacco Nation
Tobacco Nation
Wendat (Huron) at Contact
Wyandot Authors
Wyandot/Huron Language
Wyandot Nation of Kansas
Wyandotte Nation of Oklahoma

Last updated 09/11/05  Copyright 2005 by Four Directions Press