Language: Wichita
Family Wichita
Stock: Northern Caddoan
Phylum: Caddoan
Macro-Culture: Great Plains
Speakers 10 or fewer speakers   1998 James Brooks, NY Times
      The Tawehash were a hunter/farmer tribe located on the Canadian River north of the Washita.  They were agricultural, as well as buffalo hunters.  The Tawehash moved often due to pressure from predatory tribes.  They confederated into the Wichita late in the 1700's.
Aboriginal Locations (Subdivisions)
OK  Teodoro, San Bernardo
Present Locations
OK Among Wichita Tribe, Anadarko
Year History
1500 Predatory Apacheans migrated into Wichita territories
1719 Found by La Harpe on Canadian River with confederate allies
1759 Spanish Col. Padilla attacked Twin Villages with 500 men and two cannons, but was soundly defeated and forced to retreat
1778 Met by Mezieres, occupied 160 lodges, had 800 fighting men; remained in same area until later joining Wichita
Year Total Population Source
1700 3,000 NAHDB calculation
1778 2,800 Mexieres estimates, hereafter enumerated with Wichita
1800 - NAHDB calculation
1900 - NAHDB calculation 
2000 - NAHDB calculation
Other speakers of the same language:
Tawakoni, Waco, and Wichita 
Tawehash Sites:
Art Works Reported Missing from Wichita Indian Center
Catlin Collection
Grass Wigwam at Wichita
Huntinghorse, Dina, Jeweler
Native American Heritage Village
Red man Linked to the Palo Pinto Mountains
Wichita and Affiliated Tribes
Wichita Archives
Wichita Authors
Wichita Camp
Wichita Falls History
Wichita Folklore
Wichita Four Cycles Prophesy
Wichita Indian Center
Wichita Indian Legends
Wichita Indians
Wichita Indians
Wichita Indians
Wichita Indians
Wichita Indians of Texas
Wichita Indian Tribe
Wichita Language
Wichita Language
Wichita Linguistic Lineage
Wichita Literature
Wichita or Kitikit-ees
Wichita Tribe
Wichita Village

Last updated 04/07/05  Copyright 2005 by Four Directions Press