Ethnie: TAWASA
Language; Timucua Taino
Family: Northern Maipuran
Stock: Maipuran
Phylum: Arawakan
Macro-Culture: Florida
Speakers Extinct
      The Tawasa were a sedentary hunter/farmer tribe. They were located about present Mongomery. They relocated often due to pressure from other tribes. They apparently finally joined their prior enemies, the Creeks.
Aboriginal Locations
AL   (1)
Present Locations
Confederated into the Creek in AL and/or OK or Alabama-Coushatta in TX
Year History
1540 Met by De Soto in Alabama
1706 Moved to Apalachicola River
1707 Attacked by English and Creeks, some captured, others fled to French, settled near Mobile
1715 Territory taken over by the Taensa
1717 Settled near Ft. Toulouse in northern Alabama
1763 Half of tribe removed to Louisiana and ultimately on to Polk County, Texas with the Alabama
1814 Forced by Treaty of Fort Jackson after Creek Warto Creek territories where some remained until the migration across the Mississippi, later joined Creeks while others had joined Alabama emigrants in Louisiana
Year Total AL Population   Source
1700 200   NAHDB calculation
1760 150   French census
1792 200   Georgia census
1800 200 NAHDB calculation
1832 321 Census
1900 0 NAHDB calculation
2000 0   NAHDB calculation 
Other speakers of the same language:
Mococo, Osochi, Pohoy, Potano, Saturiwa, Tacatacuru, Timucua, Yustaga
Tawasa Sites:
500 Year of Baker County
Brief History of the Timucua Taino of Northern Florida
DeSoto's Florida Trails
Florida Archeological Collections
Florida Indian Tribes
Fort Caroline National Memorial
Linguists Research Timucua, a Language with No Speakers
Taino Linguistic Lineage
Taino Timucua Tribe
Timucua Indian Coloring Pages
Timucua Indians
Timucua Indians
Timucua Indians - After the Europeans Came
Timucua Indian Tribe History
Timucua Language

Last updated 10/26/05  Copyright 2005 by Four Directions Press