Tano Pueblos



Languages: Tewa
Family: Tewa
Stock: Tiwa-Tewa
Phylum: Kiowa Tanoan
Macro-Culture: Southwestern
      The Tano were a sedentary agricultural culture of the greater Pueblo culture. They occupied territories south from Santa Fe to Golden and west to the Rio Grande.
     They were early victims of the Spanish conquest, and preyed upon by the Apaches, Navajos, Comanches, and Utes. They finally abandoned their villages and joined the Keresen at Santo Domingo.
Aboriginal Locations
NM  27 villages
Present Locations
Santo Domingo Pueblo, Santo Domingo Pueblo
Year History
1528 Known to Alvar Nuñez Cabeza de Vaca
1540 Coronado conquest
1583 Visited by Espejo
1590 Gaspar Castaño de Sosa conquered Pecos, went westward to Keresan but was arrested at Santo Domingo by New Spain troop and disgraced
1598 Juan de Oñate arrived, forced Pueblo vassalage to Spain, colonized; Acoma joined Tiwa and Tompiro in rebellion, villages destroyed, 500 enslaved, later escaped
1607 Oñate removed from governorship
1609 Gov. Pedro de Peralta arrived, founded Santa Fe, built palace with Pueblo labor, disregarded Indian protection laws
1628 Many churches built, friars added, native religion banned
1640 Severe drought for several years, thousands of Pueblos died
1663 Severe drought and famine for six years
1680 Pueblo Rebellion led by San Juan Tewa Popé, 400 Spaniards died in siege of Santa Fe, 50 fled to El Paso
1691 Cochiti burned in failed reconquest try
1693 Successful reconquest
1720 Trading fairs began with nomadic tribes
1777 Gov. Juan Bautista de Anza led peace pact between Pueblos and nomads except Apache
1793 Galisto Pueblo abandoned, tribe joined Keresan at Pueblo Domingo
Year Population Source
1630 4,000 Fray Alonzo de Benavides
1680 800 Fray Augustín de Vetancurt
1700 200 NAHDB calculation
1706 150 Fray Juan Alvarez
1752 135 New Mexico census
1800 0 NAHDB calculation
1900 0 NAHDB calculation
2000 0 NAHDB projection
Other speakers of the same language:
Tano Pueblo links:
Kiowa-Tanoan Linguistic Family
Pueblo Culture and Ethnobotany
Santo Domingo Art Items
Santo Domingo History
Santo Domingo Pueblo
Santo Domingo Pueblo
Secrets of San Marcos Pueblo
Tano Indian Tribe
Tewa Language
Tewa Linguistic Lineage

Last updated 03/14/05   Copyright 2005 by Four Directions Press