Language: Mikasuki
Family: Eastern Muskogee
Stock: Muskogee
Phylum: Algic
Macro-Culture: Eastern Woodlands
Speakers None
       The Tamathli were a sedentary hunter/farmer tribe. They lived on about present Albany. They were devastated by conflicts with Whites and other tribes. The survivors ultimately joined the Creek and Seminole Confederacies.
Aboriginal Locations: Subdivisions (Villages)
GA   (1)
Present Locations
Confederated into the Creek in AL and OK and the Seminole in FL and OK
Year History
1540 Mentioned by De Soto, at Pine Island near present Albany
1675 Drifted to Florida, established in a mission, La Purificacion de la Tama by Bishop Calderon of Cuba
1704 Attacked by General Moore of South Carolina, nearly destroyed
1725 Moved to St. Augustine, attacked by Creeks, many killed, others scattered
1799 Some had joined Creeks, others Seminole
Year Total  Pop. FL GA Source
1600 500   500   NAHDB aboriginal population estimate
1700 500 500   NAHDB calculation
1738         Spanish census: 12 men
1800 0     NAHDB calculation (Enumerated in Seminole)
1822 220       Tamathli among Seminole per Morse
1900 0     NAHDB calculation 
2000 0     NAHDB calculation 
Other speakers of the same language:
Apalachicola, Chiaha, Hitchiti, Miccosuki, Oconee, Okmulgee, Sawokli, Yamasee
Tamathli Sites:
Creek Indian Tribes
Creek Nation
Georgia Indian Tribes
Miccosuki Language
Mikasuki Language
Mikasuki Linguistic Lineage
Observations on the Seminole Indians - 1823
Oklahoma Seminole Towns of 1900
Origin of the Seminole Indians

Last updated 10/10/05  Copyright 2005 by Four Directions Press