Language: Lushootseed
Family: Twana
Stock: Central Salish
Phylum: Salishan
Macro-Culture: Northwest
Speakers 60    1990 M. D. Kincade (total language)
     The Suquamish were sedentary coastal hunter/gatherers and relied heavily on fishing.  They lived along the west coast of Puget Sound from Applegate Cove to Gig Harbor.  They and the Duwamish were jointly ruled by Chief Seattle  They suffered from the White influx.
Aboriginal Locations (Villages)
WA  (2)
Present Locations
WA  Port Madison Reservation, Bremerton
Year History
1787 Strait of Juan de Fuca discovered by Charles Barkley
1792 Area charted by Capt. George Vancouver
1827 Hudson Bay Company founded Fort Langley
1840 Conducted devastating raid on stockaded Chimacum village
1841 Influx of Oregon Trail settlers began, conflicts followed
1855 Treaty of Point Elliot
1866 Death of Chief Seattle
1870 Smallpox epidemic
Year  Population Source
1700 1,000 NAHDB calculation 
1800 800 NAHDB calculation
1857 411 Swanton
1900 200 NAHDB calculation
1909 204 US Indian Office
1910 307 Census
1937 168 US Indian Office
1973 182 BIA
1989 652 BIA
2000 800 NAHDB calculation
2004 890 IHC
Other speakers of the same language:
Duwamish, Muckleshoot, Nisqually, Puyallup, Sahewamish, Snoqualmie
Suquamish Sites:
Black River Disappears in July 1916
Chief Noah Seattle
Chief Seattle
Chief Seattle
Chief Seattle, Leader of the Suquamish and Duwamish
Chief Seattle's Speech
Clearwater Casino
Denny, David Thomas
Keeping a Tradition Afloat
Lushootseed Language
Lushootseed Linguistic Lineage
Maple Bay:  Last Great Battle
Native Americans Force Settlers to Leave Whidbey Island, 1848
Native Americans of Puget Sound
Northwest Coast Culture and Ethnobotany
Old Man House State Park ...
Princess Angeline or Kikisoblu ...
Seattle, Chief of the Duwamish ...
Seattle (Duwamish) 1786-1866
Seattle:  Suquamish and Duwamish
Suquamish and S'Klallam Tribes Test of Strength
Suquamish Authors:  Chief Dan George
Suquamish Indians Harvest Clams in First Commercial Dig ...
Suquamish Indian Tribe
Suquamish Indian Tribe
Suquamish Tribal Profile
Suquamish Tribe
Suquamish Tribe
Suquamish Tribe Acquires Suquamish Tribal Square
Suquamish Tribe:  A Local Legacy
Suquamish Tribe's Beachfront Damaged by Oil Spill
Treaty of Point Elliot
Vancouver Begins British Survey of Puget Sound, 1792

Last updated 03/06/05  Copyright 2005 by Four Directions Press