Language: Squamish
Family: Central Salish
Stock: Salish
Phylum: Mosan
Macro-Culture: Northwest Coast
Speakers 20   (1990 M.D. Kincade)  
       The Squamish were a sedentary coastal hunter/gatherer nation that relied heavily on fishing. They were located on Howe Sound and Burrard Inlet north of the mouth of the Fraser River. The Nooksack of Washington separated from the Squamish prior to White arrival. They suffered from the White influx.
Aboriginal Locations (# of Villages)
BC      Squamish (106)
Present Locations
BC Squamish First Nation, North Vancouver
Year History
1787 Strait of Juan de Fuca discovered by Charles Barkley
1790 Manual Quimper explored both shores of strait
1792 Area charted by Capt. George Vancouver
1827 Hudson Bay Company founded Fort Langley
1841 Influx of Oregon Trail settlers began, conflicts followed
1843 Victoria post founded
1858 Fraser River gold rush
186X Arrival of Methodist missionaries
1870 Smallpox epidemic
1885 Potlatch banned in British Columbia
1951 Potlatch ban repealed
Year BC Population   Source
1700 1,800   NAHDB calculation
1780 1,800   Mooney estimate
1800 1,800   NAHDB calculation
1900 200   NAHDB calculation
1909 174   CDIA
2000     NAHDB calculation
2005 2,347   Indian Life Online
Other speakers of the same language:
Squamish Tribe Sites:
Aboriginal History
Baker, Gary, Northwestern Art Carver
Growing Up Squamish
Legend of Wountie
Museums Near Squamish
Squamish District
Squamish History
Squamish Indian Band
Squamish First Nation
Squamish Language
Squamish Language
Squamish Language
Squamish Language Plaque
Squamish Linguistic Lineage
Squamish Nation
Squamish Nation
Squamish Nation Ambassadors
Squamish Nation Art
Squamish Nation Art
Squamish Nation Network
Squamish Nation School
Squamish Nation Stock Photos
Squamish Nation Stock Photos
Squamish Nation Storytelling
Squamish Speakers Keep Language Alive
Squamish Nation Totem Poles
Squamish Nation Totem Poles
Squamish Traditional Dancer
Squamish Tribe
Squamish Valley and Area
Stawamus Chief Provincial Park
Why the Salmon Came to Squamish Waters

Last updated 11/14/05  Copyright 2005 by Four Directions Press