Language: Salish Striats
Family: Central Salish
Stock: Salish
Phylum: Mosan
Macro-Culture: Northwest Coast
Speakers 20   (2002 Poser) Total language  
       The Songhees were a sedentary maritime nation that relied heavily on fishing. They lived on the southern end of Vancouver Island and possibly the western shore of San Juan Island in Washington. They suffered from the White influx.
Aboriginal Locations:  Subdivisions (Bands)
BC      Sanetch (6), Songhish (12), Sooke (1)
Present Locations
BC Beecher Bay Indian Band, Sooke 
  Esquimalt Indian Band, Victoria
  Pauquachin Indian Band , Sidney
  Songhees Indian Band, Victoria
  Sooke Indian Band, Sooke
  Tsartlip First Nation, Brentwood Bay
  Tsawout First Nation, Saanichton
Year History
1787 Strait of Juan de Fuca discovered by Charles Barkley
1790 Manual Quimper explored both shores of strait
1792 Area charted by Capt. George Vancouver
1827 Hudson Bay Company founded Fort Langley
1841 Influx of Oregon Trail settlers began, conflicts followed
1843 Victoria post founded
1858 Fraser River gold rush
1870 Smallpox epidemic
1885 Potlatch banned in British Columbia
1951 Potlatch ban repealed
Year BC Population   Source
1700 2,700   NAHDB calculation
1780 2,700   Mooney estimate
1800 2,700   NAHDB calculation
1900 500   NAHDB calculation
1906 488   CDIA
2000 2,000   NAHDB calculation
2005 2,046   Indian Life Online
Other speakers of the same language:
Lummi, Samish
SongheesTribe Sites:
Beecher Bay Burning Ceremony
Beecher Bay Indian Band, Sooke
Beecher Bay Profile
Esquimalt Indian Band
James Squameyugs--Songhees Chief 1864-1892
Pauquachin Indian Band
Photo Gallery
Salish Straits Language
Salish Straits Linguistic Lineage
Songhees Indian Band
Songhees Indian Reserve Act
Songhees Nation
Songhees Nation:  Archeology and Ethnology
Songhees Point Census
Sooke Indian Band
Tsartlip First Nation
Tsartlip Indian Band
Tsawout First Nation
Tsawout Indian Band
T'sou-ke Nation
Victoria Unity Feast

Last updated 11/15/05  Copyright 2005 by Four Directions Press