Language: Twana
Family: Twana
Stock: Central Salish
Phylum: Salishan
Macro-Culture: Northwest
Speakers 0
   The Skokomish, previously Twana,  were semi-sedentary coastal hunter/gatherers and relied heavily on fishing.  The tribe lived along both sides of Hoods Canal.  They suffered from the White influx.
Aboriginal Locations (Villages)
WA  (9)
Present Locations
WA   Skokomish Reservation, Shelten
         Squaxin Island Reservation, Shelton
Year History
1787 Strait of Juan de Fuca discovered by Charles Barkley
1792 Area charted by Capt. George Vancouver, smallpox epidemic
1827 Hudson Bay Company founded Fort Langley
1841 Influx of Oregon Trail settlers began, conflicts followed
1855 Treaty of Point No Point created reservation
1870  Smallpox epidemic
Year  Population Source
1700 500 NAHDB calculation 
1800 500 NAHDB calculation
1900 250 NAHDB calculation
1910 256 Census
1937 206 US Indian Office
1981 1,008 BIA
1989 2,140 BIA [?]
2000 1,500 NAHDB calculation
2004 1,446 IHC
Other speakers of the same language:
Skokomish Sites:
Lucky Dog Casino
Northwest Coast Culture and Ethnobotany
Skokomish Artis Wins National Heritage Fellowship
Skoskomish Basket Master
Skokomish Indian Tribe
Skokomish Tribal Nation
Skoskomish Tribal Profile
Skoskomish Tribe
Twana Language
Twana Linguistic Lineage
Vancouver Begins British Survey of Puget Sound, 1792

Last updated 03/04/05  Copyright 2005 by Four Directions Press