Language: Eno
Family: Southeastern Siouan
Stock: Siouan Proper
Phylum: Siouan
Macro-Culture: Eastern Woodlands
Speakers None
       The Sissipahaw were a sedentary hunter/farmer tribe. The Sissipahaw were located at about present Saxapahaw on the Haw River and included the Shakori. They took large losses in wars with the English and, as a result, joined the Catawba. The Shakori probably joined the Eno who in turn joined the Catawba.  Their language is a subject of debate,  (See Eno)
Aboriginal Locations: Subdivisions (Villages)
NC    Shakori, Sissipahaw
Present Locations
 Confederated into the Catawba in NC
Year History
1569 Visited by Juan Pardo, called "Sauxpa"
1670 Smallpox epidemic sometime after this year
1701 Mentioned, but not visited, by Lawson
1715 United with other tribes in Yamasee War against English, later probably joined Catawba and Lumbee
Year Total NC  Pop. Source
1600 800   Mooney estimate
1700 100 NAHDB calculation
1800 0 NAHDB calculation
1900 0 NAHDB calculation 
2000 0 NAHDB calculation 
Other speakers of the same language:
Eno, Keyauwee
Sissipahaw Indians Sites:
Indian Trader John Lawson's Journal
Sissipahaw Indians
Sissipahaw Indian Tribe History

Last updated 10/15/05  Copyright 2005 by Four Directions Press