Language: Shuswap 
Family: Northern Interior Salish
Stock: Interior Salish
Phylum: Salishan
Macro-Culture: Northwest Plateau
Speakers 500    (2002 Poser)
      The Shuswap were a sedentary hunter/ gatherer language group and confederacy of the Northwestern Plateau. They occupied a large area including the middle course of the Fraser River as well as another section near its head, the drainage of the Thompson River above Kamploops Lake, and much of the upper Columbia above Arrow Lakes. They traded with the first Whites to arrive, but ultimately had conflicts with and suffered from the later settlers and disease.
Aboriginal Locations (# of Villages)
BC     Boneparte (3), Cañon (4), Fraser River (10), Kamloops (2), Lake (3), North Thompson (3), Shuswap Lake (5)
Present Locations
BC    Adams Lake Indian Band, Chase
         Alkali Lake Indian Band, Alkali
         Boneparte Indian Band, Cache Creek
         Canim Lake Band, Canim Lake
         Clinton Indian Band, Kamloops
         Deadman's Creek Indian Band, Savona
         High Bar Indian Band, Clinton
         Kamloops Indian Band, Kamloops
         Little Shuswap Indian Band, Chase
         Neskonlith Indian Band, Chase
         North Thompson Indian Band, Barriere
         Pavilion Indian Band, Lillooet
         Skeetchestn Indian Band, Savona
         Soda Creek Indian Band, Williams Lake
         Spallumcheen Indian Band, Enderby
         Whispering Pines Indian Band, Kamloops
         Williams Lake, Sugarcane
Year History
1793 Encountered by Mackenzie
1808 Encountered by Fraser
1816 Met by Hudson Bay Co. fur traders with Iroquois
1858 Fraser River gold rush, invasion of miners, but successfully maintained way of life
1862 Smallpox epidemic
1884 Canadian Pacific Railroad completed
1980 Formed Shuswap Tribal Council
Year BC Population Source
1700 5,300 NAHDB calculation
1780 5,300   Mooney estimate
1800 5,500 NAHDB calculation
1850 7,200   Teit (per an intelligent old Indian)
1900 2,200 NAHDB calculation 
1903 2,185 Canadian Indian Office
1906 2,236 Canadian Indian Office
2000 8,000 NAHDB calculation 
2005 8,475 Tribal Council
Other speakers of the same language:
Shuswap Sites:
Adams Lake Band
Adams Lake Indian Band
Alkali Lake Indian Band
Ashcroft Indian Band
Boneparte Indian Band
Canim Lake Band 'Tsqescen'
Canoe Creek Band
Canoe Creek Indian Band
Clinton Indian Band
High Bar Indian Band
Kamloops Indian Band
Kamloops Indian Band
Little Shuswap Indian Band
Little Shuswap Lake Band
Native elders work to preserve their rights and culture
Neskonlith Indian Band
North Thompson Indian Band
Pavilion Indian Band
Secwepemc Nation
Secwepemctsin – Language of the Secwepemc
Skeetchestn Indian Band
Shuswap and Couple
Shuswap Authors
Shuswap Band Names
Shuswap Bands
Shuswap Indian Band
Shuswap Indians
Shuswap Indian Tribe History
Shuswap Language
Shuswap Language
Shuswap Language
Shuswap Language Plaque
Shuswap Linguistic Lineage
Shuswap Nation Tribal Council
Shuswap Naztion Tribal Council
Soda Creek Band
Spallumcheen Indian Band

Last updated 11/15/05  Copyright © 2005 by Four Directions Press