Language: Salish Straits
Family: Central Salish
Stock: Salish
Phylum: Mosan
Macro-Culture: Northwest Coast
Speakers 20   (2002 Poser) Total language  
       The Semiahmoo were a sedentary coastal hunter/gatherer nation that relied heavily on fishing. They were located on Semiahmoo Bay about the frontier at the coast of British Columbia and Washington. They suffered from the White influx.
Aboriginal Locations
BC     Semiahmoo Bay
WA    Birch Bay
Present Locations
BC Semiahmoo First Nation, Surrey
Year History
1787 Strait of Juan de Fuca discovered by Charles Barkley
1790 Manual Quimper explored both shores of strait
1792 Area charted by Capt. George Vancouver
1827 Hudson Bay Company founded Fort Langley
1841 Influx of Oregon Trail settlers began, conflicts followed
1843 Victoria post founded
1858 Fraser River gold rush
186X Arrival of Methodist missionaries
1870 Smallpox epidemic
1885 Potlatch banned in British Columbia
1951 Potlatch ban repealed
Year BC Population   Source
1700 600   NAHDB calculation
1800 400   NAHDB calculation
1843 300   Swanton
1900 50   NAHDB calculation
1909 38   CDIA
2000 50   NAHDB calculation
2005 50   Indian Life Online
2005 74   RCMP
Other speakers of the same language:
Lummi, Samish
Semiahmoo Tribe Sites:
Birch Bay History
Eagle Naay - House of Eagle
Salish Straits Language
Salish Straits Linguistic Lineage
Semiahmoo First Nation
Semiahmoo Indian Band
Semiahmoo People
Surrey (Semiahmoo)

Last updated 11/14/05  Copyright 2005 by Four Directions Press