Language: Mikasuki
Family: Eastern Muskogee
Stock: Muskogee
Phylum: Algic
Macro-Culture: Eastern Woodlands
Speakers None
      The Sawokli were an important sedentary hunter/farmer tribe, and aboriginally included the Miccosuki. White pressure eventually forced them into the Seminole Confederacy.
Aboriginal Locations: Subdivisions (Villages)
AL      Hatcheetcaba, Miccosuki, Okawaigi, Sawokli, Tcawokli
GA     Okiti-yagani, Sawoklutci
Present Locations
Confederated into the Seminole in FL and OK
Year History
  Tribal tradition places the tribe on the Gulf coast prior to European contact
1675 Mission Santa Cruz de Sabacola established by Bishop Calderón of Cuba, had 6 or more villages
1679 Band on Chatahoochee below falls, accepted a mission under Fr, Gutierrez for a few months
1706 Displaced by Creeks (Muskhogee?) for a short while to Okmulgee River
1715 Split up into several settlements, joined by Oconee to form nucleus of the Seminole Confedereacy
1738 Spanish reported 20 men in tribe
1750 Spanish reported 4 villages with 50 men
1760 4 villages with 190 men
Year Total  Pop. FL GA Source
1600 2,000 2,000     NAHDB arrival population est. based on 125 per village plus 1,250 Miccosuki
1700 600   600 NAHDB calculation
1800 0     NAHDB calculation
1821 450 450     Young estimate (enumerated with Seminole)
1900 0     NAHDB calculation 
2000 0     NAHDB calculation 
Other speakers of the same language:
Apalachicola, Chiaha, Hitchiti, Miccosuki, Oconee, Okmulgee, Tamathli, Yamasee
Sawokli Sites:
Alabama Indian Tribes
Georgia Indian Tribes
Miccosuki Language
Mikasuki Language
Mikasuki Linguistic Lineage
Observations on the Seminole Indians - 1823
Oklahoma Seminole Towns of 1900
Origin of the Seminole Indians

Last updated 10/10/05  Copyright © 2005 by Four Directions Press