Language; Timucua Taino
Family: Northern Maipuran
Stock: Maipuran
Phylum: Arawakan
Macro-Culture: Florida
Speakers Extinct
      The Saturiwa were a sedentary hunter/farmer tribe. They settled most densely about the mouth of the St. Johns River at present Jacksonville, Florida. They were destroyed early by pestilence and the oppression of the Spanish.
Aboriginal Locations (# of Villages)
FL   (30)
Present Locations
Confederated into the Seminole in FL and OK
Year History
1562 Visited by John Ribault and probably by earlier explorers
1564 Fort Caroline established
1567 Chief Saturiwa aided French De Gourgues in vengeance toward Spain
1577 Spanish supported Utina against Saturiwa, Mission San Juan del Puerto established Francisco de Pareja recorded Timucuan language
1617 Epidemic
1656 Involved in Timucuan rebellion
1672 Epidemic, smallpox [?]
1680 Last mentioned by Bishop Calderon
Year Total FL Population   Source
1500 3,000   NAHDB aboriginal estimate
1602 500   Mission records
1675 90   Mission records
1700 0   NAHDB calculation
1800 0 NAHDB calculation
1900 0 NAHDB calculation
2000 0   NAHDB calculation 
Other speakers of the same language:
Mococo, Osochi, Pohoy, Potano, Tacatacuru, Tawasa, Timucua, Yustaga
Saturiwa Sites:
500 Year of Baker County
Brief History of the Timucua Taino of Northern Florida
DeSoto's Florida Trails
Florida Archeological Collections
Florida Indian Tribes
Fort Caroline National Memorial
Linguists Research Timucua, a Language with No Speakers
Saturiwa Trail
Taino Linguistic Lineage
Taino Timucua Tribe
Timucua Indian Coloring Pages
Timucua Indians
Timucua Indians
Timucua Indians - After the Europeans Came
Timucua Indian Tribe History
Timucua Language

Last updated 10/26/05  Copyright 2005 by Four Directions Press