Ethnie: SANTEE
Language: Catawba
Family: Southeastern Siouan
Stock: Siouan Proper
Phylum: Siouan
Macro-Culture: Eastern Woodlands
Speakers None
      The Santee were a sedentary hunter/farmer tribe. The eastern Siouans fissioned from the greater Siouan culture about 1,000 B. C. and crossed the Appalachians displacing the previous inhabitants. The Santee were located on the middle course of the Santee River when first encountered by the Spanish. They took large losses in several conflicts. Many were enslaved and sent to the West Indies. Most of the remainder apparently joined the Catawba though some absorbed into the local culture.
Aboriginal Locations: Subdivisions (Villages)
SC    (1)
Present Locations
Confederated with the Catawba
Year History
1670 Smallpox epidemic sometime after this year
1700 Visited by John Lawson, had large plantation, at war with coast people
1711 Backed Barnwell in Tuscarora campaign
1715 Sided against colonists in Yamasee War
1716 Attacked by Etiwa and Cusabo, on behalf of colonists, most captured and sent to West Indies as slaves, remainder joined Catawba
Year Total SC  Pop. Source
1600 1,000 Mooney estimate
1700 200 NAHDB calculation
1715 85   Indian census
1800 0 NAHDB calculation
1900 0 NAHDB calculation 
2000 0 NAHDB calculation 
Other speakers of the same language:
Catawba, Cheraw, Congaree, Sewee, Wateree, Waxhaw, Woccon
Santee Sites:
Catawba Language
Catawba Language
Catawba Language
Catawba Language Department
Catawba Linguistic Lineage
Indian Trader John Lawson's Journal
Santee Sioux Indian Tribe History

Last updated 10/11/05  Copyright 2005 by Four Directions Press