Language: Okanogan
Family: Southern Interior Salish
Stock: Interior Salish
Phylum: Salishan
Macro-Culture: Northwest Plateau
Speakers 500    1977 SIL
     The Sanpoil were a semi-sedentary hunter/gatherer dialectic group the Northwestern Plateau.  They were located on the Nespelem and Sanpoil Rivers and down the Columbia River to below Big Bend..  The Sanpoil never signed a treaty with the United States.  They traded with the first Whites to arrive, but ultimately had conflicts with and suffered from the later settlers.  They were finally settled on and confederated into the Colville Reservation, and are no longer enumerated separately.
Aboriginal Locations (Subdivisions)
WA Nespelem (7), Sanpoil (19)
Oregon Present Locations
WA  Colville Reservation, Nespelem
Year History
1782 Smallpox epidemic
1809 David Thompson established Kullyspell House trading post on Lake Pend d'Orielle
1810 David Thompson established Spokane House
1811 David Thompson explored the length of the Columbia River
1841 Influx of Oregon Trail settlers began, conflicts followed
1855 Joined Colville
1872 Colville Reservation established
Year U.S. Population Source
1700 1,700 NAHDB calculation
1780 1,600 - 1,700 Ray estimate
1800 1,300 NAHDB calculation
1850 1,300 Ray estimate
1900 0 NAHDB calculation (Had confederated into Colville) 
2000 0 NAHDB calculation
Other speakers of the same language:
Sanpoil Sites:
Changing Columbia Basin
Colville Reservation ...
Coyote's Salmon
Cultures Clash:  The Land Grab
Ethnobotany of Middle Columbia Native Americans
Northwest Plateau Culture and Ethnobotany
Okanogan Language
Okanogan Linguistic Lineage
Oregon Trail
Thompson, David ...

Last updated 02/28/05  Copyright 2005 by Four Directions Press