Ethnie: SAMISH
Language: Salish-Straits
Family: Straits
Stock: Central Salish
Phylum: Salishan
Macro-Culture: Northwest
Speakers 60   1990 M. D. Kincade (total language)
     The Lummi were sedentary coastal hunter/gatherers and relied heavily on fishing.  The tribe lived on Samish Bay, Samish Island, Guemes Island, and the northwest portion of Fidalgo Island..  They were known to frequent a group of islands east of Vancouver Island.  They suffered from the White influx.  Subsequent to 1855, the Samish tribe is included in Lummi population numbers.
Aboriginal Locations (Villages)
WA  (6)
Present Locations
WA  Lummi Reservation, Bellingham
Year History
1787 Strait of Juan de Fuca discovered by Charles Barkley
1788 Visited by Mears
1790 Manual Quimper explored both shores of strait
1792 Area charted by Capt. George Vancouver
1827 Hudson Bay Company founded Fort Langley
1841 Influx of Oregon Trail settlers began, conflicts followed
1850 Christianized by Rev. Casimir Chirouse
1855 Treaty of Point Elliot
Year  Population Source
1700 200 NAHDB calculation 
1780 200 NAHDB estimate based on Mooney estimate
1800 200 NAHDB calculation
1900 0 NAHDB calculation (Enumerated with Lummi)
2000 0 NAHDB calculation
Other speakers of the same language:
Lummi, Semiahmoo, Songish
Lummi Sites:
Boarding Schools Stripped Indians' Culture
Coast Salish Bibliography
Lhaq'temish: People of the Sea
Lummi and Nooksack Tribes
Lummi Education
Lummi Healing Poles
Lummi Indian Nation
Lummi Indian Nation
Lummi Indian Tribe and Life with Salmon
Lummi Indians
Lummi Indians and Salmon
Lummi Nation
Lummi National Profile
Lummi Place Premium on Recovering Language
Lummi School Sees Big Changes
Lummi Sticks
Lummi Totem Pole Ceremony
Lummi Totem Pole Memorial to WTC Victims
More Indian Remain Found at Blaine Site
Northern Puget Sound
Plagued by Drugs, Tribes Revive Ancient Penalty
Potlatch Economics
Salish-Straits Language
Salish-Straits Linguistic Lineage
Samish Indian Nation
Samish Indian Nation
Samish Island
Samish Land Restored
Samish Tribal Profile
Samish Tribal Profile
Samish Tribe in San Juan Islands
Schooling Has Lasted Lifetime for Lummi Cultural Teacher
Treaty of Point Elliot
Treaty of Point Elliot
Vancouver Begins British Survey of Puget Sound, 1792

Last updated 03/01/05  Copyright 2005 by Four Directions Press