Ethnie: POTANO
Language; Timucua Taino
Family: Northern Maipuran
Stock: Maipuran
Phylum: Arawakan
Macro-Culture: Florida
Speakers Extinct
      The Potano were a sedentary hunter/farmer tribe. They were aboriginally located in the area around present Gainesville, Florida. The tribe was destroyed by war and pestilence in the seventeenth century.
Aboriginal Locations (# of Villages)
FL    Cholupaha, Itaraholata or Ytara, Mala-Paz, Potano, Utinamocharra or Utinama
Present Locations
Year History
1539 Probably visited by De Soto
1564 Lost war with Utina who were aided by French
1584 Repulsed invasion by Spanish killing a captain, but severely were defeated in a second invasion and driven from town
1601 Asked for and received permission to return home
1606 Mission San Francisco de Potano established
1656 Took part in the Timucuan uprising
1672 Many died of pestilence
1688 Name of chief of Potano does not appear as signatory on letter to Charles II, tribe either extinct or near extinction
Year Total FL Population   Source
1650 3,000   Mooney estimate
1675 160   Swanton
1700 0   NAHDB calculation
1800 0 NAHDB calculation
1900 0 NAHDB calculation
2000 0   NAHDB calculation 
Other speakers of the same language:
Mococo, Osochi, Pohoy, Saturiwa, Tacatacuru, Tawasa, Timacua, Yustaga
Potano Sites:
500 Year of Baker County
Archer History
Brief History of the Timucua Taino of Northern Florida
DeSoto's Florida Trails
Florida Archeological Collections
Florida Indian Tribes
Linguists Research Timucua, a Language with No Speakers
Meglodon Curse
Taino Linguistic Lineage
Taino Timucua Tribe
Timucua Indian Coloring Pages
Timucua Indians
Timucua Indians
Timucua Indians - After the Europeans Came
Timucua Indian Tribe History
Timucua Language

Last updated 10/26/05  Copyright 2005 by Four Directions Press