Language: Mahican
Family: Eastern Algonquian
Stock: Algonquian
Phylum: Algic
Macro-Culture: Eastern Woodlands
Speakers None
       The Pocomtuc were a sedentary hunter/farmer tribe. They had villages in present Franklin, Hampshire and Hampton Counties, Massachusetts; and Thompson County, Connecticut, all in the valley of the Connecticut River. The tribe took considerable losses in war with other tribes and the Whites.
Aboriginal Locations: Subdivisions Villages
CT    Mayawaug, Nameroke, Scitico
MA  Agawam, Nonotuc, Pocomtuc, Squawkeag
Present Locations
Extinct as a tribe with descendants in Abenaki and St. Francois
Year History
1606 Attacked by large Mohegan war party
1610 Arrival of Dutch traders on the Hudson River
1620 First met by the Whites after the landing at Plymouth, tribe subjugated by the Pequot
1624 Mohawk attacked Mahican drawing Pocomtuc into war
1630 Puritans landed
1633 Boston traders reached the Connecticut River
1635 Smallpox epidemic
1636 Agawam sold the first parcel of Pocumtuc land to the English; John Pynchon built a trading post near their village at Springfield, Massachusetts
1637 English colonists destroyed the Pequot 
1640 Joined an alliance against the Mohegan
1658 Brief war with the Mohegan
1663 Mohawk raided large Pocomtuc village at Fort Hill, enemies repulsed but took heavy losses
1664 Abandoned Fort Hill and most of the Connecticut Valley
1675 Many joined King Philip's War against the colonists
1676 Pocumtuc joined with the Narragansett to attack Northfield; soon abandoned their homeland; most merged into Abenaki and St. Francois Indians
1723 Pocomtuc Grey Lock lead numerous Abenaki raids against the English during Grey Lock's War (1723-1727)
Year Total Population CT MA Source
1600 1,200 500 700 Mooney estimate
1700 0 NAHDB calculation
1800 0 NAHDB calculation
1900 0 NAHDB calculation 
2000 0 NAHDB calculation 
Other speakers of the same language:
Pocomtuc Sites:
Pocomtuc History
Pocomtuc History
Pocomtuc Indian Tribe History

Last updated 10/02/05  Copyright 2005 by Four Directions Press