Language: Biloxi-Ofo
Family: Southeastern Siouan
Stock: Siouan
Phylum: Macro-Siouan
Macro-Culture: Eastern Woodlands
Speakers Extinct
      The Pascagoula were a sedentary hunter/farmer tribe.  They lived about 50 miles inland on the Pascagoula River.  There is little historical information about tribe except that they were early allies of the Biloxi.
      The Singing River Legend about a mass suicide of the tribe into the Pascagoula River is not possible since the tribe continued to exist long after they removed from Mississippi.
Aboriginal Locations 
MS   Several villages along Pascagoula River
Present Locations
Year History
1699 Living 20 leagues up the Pascagoula River per Iberville, visited by Bienville
1700 Visited by Iberville
1764 Removed to Louisiana, settled on the Mississippi near the mouth of the Red River
1787 Moved to confluence of Rigolet du Bon Dieu and the Red River
1795 Moved to Bayou Boeuf on lands granted by Choctaw
1822 Three bodies of Pascagoula, two on Red River and one on a branch of the Neches in Texas
1908 Two, living near the Alabama in Texas, claimed their mother was Pascagoula
Year Total Population LA MS Source
1650 1,000 Mooney estimate
1700 200 Iberville (20 families[?])
1700 200 200 NAHDB calculation
1800 200 200 NAHDB calculation
1805 150 Sibley (25 warriors)
1822 240 Morse
1829 111 Swanton
1900 0 NAHDB calculation 
2000 0 NAHDB calculation 
Other speakers of the same language:
Biloxi, Ofo
Pascagoula Sites:
Biloxi Language
Biloxi-Ofo Language
Biloxi-Ofo Linguistic Lineage
Legend of the Singing River
Pascagoula Indian Tribe History
... Singing River Legend

Last updated 08/06/05  Copyright 2005 by Four Directions Press