Flowering branch of Amelanchier utahensis, Grand Canyon National Park. Habit of Amelanchier utahensis, Grand Canyon National Park.
Amelanchier utahensis (Utah service-berry) #21228 Habit of Amelanchier utahensis, Grand Canyon National Park. Yellowing foliage of Amelanchier utahensis, Grand Canyon National Park.
Common Name Utah Service Berry
Latin Name Amelanchier utahensis
Family Rosaceae
Sunset zones / USDA zones   / 6-9 
Type / Form Shrub / Large
Native Habitat Western North America 0 to 11,000 feet
Soil Dry, decomposed granite, sand, clay loam low in organic content, well drained
Water Once or twice per month
Exposure Full sun
Height X Width To 15 feet x 15 feet
Protective Mechanism None
Leaves Alternate, simple, ovate, obovate, or nearly round, 1 inch long, relatively thick, serrate, shiny dark green and somewhat pubescent above, pale pubescent below.
Flowers Showy white or pink flowers with 5 petals that are 1/2 inch long, borne on short racemes, appear in early to mid-spring. Fruit ripening in late summer and early fall, 1/4 to 3/8 inch in diameter, rounded, red ripening to dark purple or black, in tight clusters, edible.
Bark / Roots Smooth when young, ashy-gray with brown stripes; later becoming rough with long splits and furrows. Twigs slender, flexible, red-brown in color, hairy when young, later hairless; buds about 1/2 inch long with red, imbricate scales that are hairy along the margin.
Maintenance Low
Propagation Seed - it is best harvested 'green', when the seed is fully formed but before the seed coat has hardened, and then sown immediately in pots outdoors or in a cold frame. If stored seed is obtained early enough in the autumn, it can be given 4 weeks warm stratification before being left out in the winter and it should then germinate in the spring. Otherwise seed can be very slow to germinate, perhaps taking 18 months or more. When large enough to handle, prick the seedlings out into individual pots and grow them on in a sheltered outdoor position, planting them out once they are 20cm or more tall. If there is sufficient seed it is best to sow it thinly in an outdoor seedbed. Grow the seedlings on for two years in the seedbed before planting them out into their permanent positions during the winter. Layering in spring - takes 18 months. Division of suckers in late winter. The suckers need to have been growing for 2 years before you dig them up, otherwise they will not have formed roots. They can be planted out straight into their permanent positions if required.
Pests and diseases  
Landscape uses Erosion control, barrier, low maintenance, foliage accent
Garden Suitability Moonlight, Mountain, Butterfly, Songbird, Ethnobotanical
Ornamental Value White flowers in spring, fruit in early summer, white bark, heat marginal
Nature Value Important browse, birds eat berries, attracts butterflies
Native American Uses Berries eaten raw or cooked, berries dried for later use, limbs used in basketry and in making bows
Links  
    Images and data http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Amelanchier_utahensis
    Images and data http://www.swcoloradowildflowers.com/White%20Enlarged%20Photo%20Pages/amelanchier.htm
    Images and data http://www.cnr.vt.edu/dendro/dendrology/syllabus2/factsheet.cfm?ID=478
    Images and data http://davesgarden.com/guides/pf/go/58406/
    Images and data http://www.pfaf.org/user/Plant.aspx?LatinName=Amelanchier+utahensis
    Images and data http://www.nazflora.org/Amelanchier_utahensis.htm
    Images and data http://www.wildflower.org/plants/result.php?id_plant=AMUT
    Images and data http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Amelanchier_utahensis
    Images and data http://www.swcoloradowildflowers.com/White%20Enlarged%20Photo%20Pages/amelanchier.htm
    Images and data http://www.calflora.org/cgi-bin/species_query.cgi?where-calrecnum=304
    Images and data http://extension.usu.edu/range/woody/utahserviceberry.htm
    Images http://www.coestatepark.com/amelanchier_utahensis.htm
    Data http://www.fs.fed.us/database/feis/plants/shrub/ameuta/all.html
    Data http://ucjeps.berkeley.edu/cgi-bin/get_JM_treatment.pl?Amelanchier+utahensis+var.+utahensis
    Distribution http://plants.usda.gov/java/profile?symbol=AMUT
    Images, nursery, and data http://www.laspilitas.com/nature-of-california/plants/amelanchier-utahensis
    Images, nursery, and data http://www.cnplx.info/nplx/species?taxon=Amelanchier+utahensis+var.+utahensis
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