Mescal (Agave  neomexicana) Agave neomexicana
Common Name New Mexico Agave, Mescal, New Mexico Century Plant
Latin Name Agave neomexicana
Native Habitat Between 5,000 and 7,000 feet in Chihuahuan Desert
Soil Dry decomposed granite, limestone, sand, low organic content, well drained
Water None to once per month
Height X Width 2 X 2 feet
Protective Mechanism Spines
Leaves Evergreen, smooth pale blue-green, succulent
Garden Suitability Hummingbird, Moonlight, Sonoran, Fire Retardant
Ornamental Value Evergreen, yellow flower once in spring
Nature Value Flowers used by nectirvorous bats, hummingbirds, butterflies, and bees; browse for deer, javelina, larval plant for butterflies
Native American Uses

Fiber for bowstrings, brushes, cradles, nets, slings, shoes, skirts, mats, rope, thread, baskets, and snares.  Fresh root used as soap and shampoo.  All parts of plant eaten.  Sap consumed as a fresh drink or fermented into pulque.

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