Opuntia macrocentra Opuntia macrocentra Opuntia macrocentra
Common Name Black-Spine Prickly Pear, Purple Prickly Pear, Nopal Violaceo
Latin Name Opuntia macrocentra
Native Habitat Texas, New Mexico, eastern Arizona, northern Mexico
Soil Dry decomposed granite, sand, limestone, low organic content, well drained
Water None to once per month in summer
Height X Width 4 feet X 4 feet
Protective Mechanism Spines
Leaves Purple evergreen with spines
Garden Suitability Sonoran, Ethnobotanical
Ornamental Value Red and bright yellow flowers late spring to early summer, red fruits
Nature Value Fruits eaten by birds and some mammals
Native American Uses Fruits and pads eaten
    Images and data http://www.desert-tropicals.com/Plants/Cactaceae/Opuntia_macrocentra.html
    Images and data http://davesgarden.com/guides/pf/go/64113/
    Images and data http://www.wildflower.org/plants/result.php?id_plant=OPMA8
    Images and data http://www.desertmuseumdigitallibrary.org/public/detail.php?id=ASDM07191&sp=Opuntia%20macrocentra
    Images and data http://www.delange.org/PricklyPearPurple/PricklyPearPurple.htm
    Images and data http://www.efloras.org/florataxon.aspx?flora_id=1&taxon_id=242415203
    Seeds http://www.b-and-t-world-seeds.com/carth.asp?species=Opuntia%20macrocentra&sref=9496
    Nursery, images, and data http://www.sunnygardens.com/garden_plants/opuntia/opuntia_0507.php
    Distribution map http://plants.usda.gov/java/profile?symbol=OPMA8