Ethnie: OCONEE
Language: Mikasuki
Family: Eastern Muskogee
Stock: Muskogee
Phylum: Algic
Macro-Culture: Eastern Woodlands
Speakers None
       The Oconee were sedentary hunter/farmer nation. One division lived along the Oconee River in north central Georgia. A second division apparently lived along the Georgia coast and became fused with the Apalachee before the end of the seventeenth century. Conflicts with Whites resulted in the remaining Oconee relocating to Florida early in the eighteenth century to ultimately form the nucleus of the Seminole Confederacy.
Aboriginal Locations: Subdivisions (Villages)
GA   Coastal, Interior
Present Locations
Coastal tribe confederated into the Apalachee in FL who in turn later confederated into the Taensa in LA who in turn later joined the Chitimacha, and others of the coastal tribe removed to OK and later confederated into the Creek; Interior tribe formed the nucleus of Seminole in GA who later removed to FL, and later yet, most removed to OK.
Year History
1675 200 Oconee at Apalachee Mission
1685 Interior tribe on the Chatahoochee
1695 Attacked by Florida Spanish
1716 Moved to east bank of Chatahoochee in Stewart County, GA and with the Sawokli formed the nucleus of the Seminole Confederacy providing the chief; the confederacy ultimately moved to FL
Year Total GA Pop. Source
1675 200   Oconee at Apalachee Mission
1700 500 NAHDB calculation
1738 500   50 warriors in other band per Swanton
1800 0 NAHDB calculation
1900 0 NAHDB calculation 
2000 0 NAHDB calculation 
Other speakers of the same language:
Apalachicola, Chiaha, Hitchiti, Miccosuki, Ocmulgee, Sawokli, Tamathli, Yamasee
Oconee Sites:
Alibamu Tribe of the Creek Confederacy
Bowlegs, Billy
Creek Indian Tribes
Miccosuki Language
Mikasuki Language
Mikasuki Linguistic Lineage
Observations on the Seminole Indians - 1823
Oklahoma Seminole Towns of 1900
Origin of the Seminole Indians
Pioneer Church in the Oconee Territory

Last updated 10/10/05  Copyright 2005 by Four Directions Press