Language: Tuscaroran
Family: Northern Iroquoian
Stock: Iroquoian
Phylum: Macro-Siouan
Macro-Culture: Eastern Woodlands
       The Nottoway were a sedentary hunter/farmer tribe. They lived along the Nottoway River in southeastern Virginia. They were closely related to the Tuscarora with whom most ultimately united and followed their fortunes.
Aboriginal Locations Subdivisions [(# of Villages)
VA  (1 in 1709)
Present Locations
VA   Cheroenhaka (Nottoway) Indian Tribe, Franklin
Year History
1650 Visited by merchant Edward Blande
1670 Smallpox epidemic sometime after this year
1677 Signed a peace treaty
1713 Some Nottoaway joined Tuscarora after Tuscarora War
1714 Signed another treaty
1728 Byrd found tribe living in stockaded town
1747 Sold part of their land
1792 Sold more of their reservation
1824 State divided land in severalty, some chose to sell their land
Year Total VA  Population Source
1600 1,500   Mooney estimate
1700 100   NAHDB calculation
1709 100   Lawson estimate
1728 300   Byrd
1800 50   NAHDB calculation
1825 47   Swanton
1900 50   NAHDB calculation
2000 50   NAHDB calculation
Other speakers of the same language:
Coree, Meherrin, Tuscarora
Nottoway Sites:
Iroquoian Language Family
Iroquoian Speaking Native Americans in Virginia
Letter from Thomas Avent - 1728
Nottoway Indian Tribe History
Nottoway Language
Nottoway Language
Nottoway Linguistic Lineage
Return of the Natives to Southhampton County
Tuscarora Language
Tuscarora Language
Tuscarora Language
Tuscarora Language
Tuscarora Language
Tuscarora Linguistic Lineage
White-De Bry Map of Virginia (1590)

Last updated 08/30/05  Copyright 2005 by Four Directions Press