Language: Lushootseed
Family: Twana
Stock: Central Salish
Phylum: Salishan
Macro-Culture: Northwest
Speakers 60   1990 M. D. Kincade (total language)
     The Nisqually were sedentary coastal hunter/gatherers and relied heavily on fishing.  They lived south of Puget sound on the Nisqually River above its mouth and on the middle and upper course of the Puyallup River.  They suffered from the White influx.
Aboriginal Locations (Villages)
WA  (12)
Present Locations
WA  Nisqually Reservation, Yelm
Year History
1787 Strait of Juan de Fuca discovered by Charles Barkley
1788 Visited by Mears
1790 Manual Quimper explored both shores of strait
1792 Area charted by Capt. George Vancouver
1827 Hudson Bay Company founded Fort Langley
1841 Influx of Oregon Trail settlers began, conflicts followed
1843 Hudson Bay Company founded Victoria
1854 Treaty of Medicine Creek
1855 War with White settlers
1862 Smallpox epidemic
1870 Smallpox epidemic
Year  Population Source
1700 3,600 NAHDB calculation 
1780 3,600 Mooney estimate
1800 3,600 NAHDB calculation
1900 1,100 NAHDB calculation
1910 1,100 US Indian Office
1981 1,257 BIA
1989 1,455 BIA
2000 2,498 IHS
2000 2,500 NAHDB calculation
Other speakers of the same language:
Duwamosh, Muckleshoot, Puyallup, Sahewamish, Snoqualmie, Suquamish
Puyallup Sites:
1862 smallpox epidemic
Lushootseed Language
Lushootseed Linguistic Lineage
Medicine Creek Treaty
Native Americans Force Settlers to Leave Whidbey Islands - 1848
Native Americans of Puget Sound
Nisqually Baskets
Nisqually Chief Hanged
Nisqually Constitution and By-Laws
Nisqually Gardens
Nisqually Indian Chief Cleared of Slaying
Nisqually Indian Tribe
Nisqually Indian Tribe
Nisqually Tribal Profile
Nisqually Tribe
Northwest Coast Culture and Ethnobotany
Red Wind Casino
Treaty of Medicine Creek

Last updated 02/28/05  Copyright 2005 by Four Directions Press