Ethnie: NIPMUC
Language: Wampanoag
Family: Eastern Algonquian
Stock: Algonquian
Phylum: Algic
Macro-Culture: Eastern Woodlands
Speakers None
       The Nipmuc were a sedentary hunter/ farmer loose confederation. They occupied the central plateau of Massachusetts, particularly the southern part, and extended into Rhode Island and Connecticut. The Nipmuc first met by Whites after the Plymouth landing in Massachusetts. They were devastated by conflicts with the Whites in King Phillip's War. Many of the survivors scattered to join other tribes, though some remained in Massachusetts.
Aboriginal Locations: Subdivisions Villages
CT      9
MA   19
RI       1
Present Locations
CT     Chaubunagungamaug Reservation, Webster
          Nipmuc Indian Association of Connecticut, Thompson
MA    Hassanamisco Indian Reservation, Grafton (Others joined Canadian tribes or Mahican in NY, later WI)
Year History
1620 First met by the Whites after the landing at Plymouth, tribe subjugated by the Pequot
1630 Puritans landed
1633 Boston traders reached the Connecticut River
1637 English colonists destroyed the Pequot thereby freeing the Nipmuc
1640 Christianized by John Eliot
1643 Sold lands in the Lancaster Pruchase
1644 Ceded lands with the Tantiusque Deed
1655 Sold lands in the Brookfield Purchases
1675 Most joined King Philips Uprising against the colonists; participated in raids twice at Brookfield and with the Pocomtuc at Deerfield and destroyed the command of Captain Thomas Lothrop at Bloody Brook near Hadley
1676 King Philip's War ended but the English continued to hunt down Nipmuc to be killed or sold a slaves; survivors were gathered into "Praying Villages" under the supervision of Puritans
1869 Massachusetts legislature granted citizenship to Nipmuc
Year Total Population CT MA Source
1600 500 Mooney estimate
1700 100 100 NAHDB calculation
1800 100 100 NAHDB calculation
1900 100 100 NAHDB calculation 
2000 1,300 200 1,100 NAHDB calculation 
2005 1,400 250 1,150 Dick Shovel
Other speakers of the same language:
Massachuset, Narragansett, Nauset, Niantic, Wampanoag
Nipmuc Sites:
Federal Recognition Struggles of the Nipmuc Nation
Grafton Indians
Hassanamisco Nipmuc Reservation
Lakes Entertainment
Nipmuc Archeology
Nipmuc Authors
Nipmuc History
Nipmuc Indian Association of Connecticut
Nipmuc Indian Tribe History
Nipmuc Nation
Nipmuc Nation Should Gain Federal Recognition
Nipmuc Tribal Council - Hassanamisco
"Praying Indian" Village Site Protected
Squash Names for an Indian Word
Wampanoag Language
Wampanoag Linguistic Lineage

Last updated 10/02/05  Copyright 2005 by Four Directions Press