Native Plants Data Base      
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Name Common Name Latin Name Type H x W Ornamental Value
A          
Acubuche Netleaf Hackberry Celtic reticulata T 15' x 20' Attracts songbirds in fall and winter, good shade tree, small green flowers in spring
Acton Encelia Acton Encelia Encelia actoni S 3' x 3' Yellow flowers in spring and summer, fragrant foliage
Adonis Lupine Grape Soda Lupine Lupinus excubitus S 4' x 4' Showy purple blooms May and June with fragrance of grape soda
Agritos Littleleaf Sumac Rhus microphylla S 8' x 10' White flowers in spring, orange fruits in early summer
Aguirre Turpentinebush Ericameria laricifolia S 6' X 8' Fragrant yellow flowers mid-fall, red berries, purple fall color
Alderleaf Mountain Mahogany Birchleaf Mountain Mahogany Cercocarpus montanus S 12' x 4' White to pink fragrant flowers, attractive leaves
Algerita Red Barberry Berberis haematocarpa S 6' x 8' Fragrant yellow flowers, red berries, purple fall color
Aloysia Whitebrush Aloysia gratissima S 6' x 6' White flowers March to November
American Aloe Century Plant Agave americana Y 7' x 12' Evergreen, yellow flower once at about 10 years or more (monocarpic), stalk 15 to 30 feet high
American Threefold California Trixis Trixis californica S 3' x 3' Showy yellow flowers in spring or after rain
Amole Lily Wavyleaf Soap Plant Chlorogalum pomeridianum P to 3' Summer white lilies, dies out in late summer
Anacacho Orchid Tree Texas Plume Bauhinia lunarioides T 12' x 10' Fragrant pale pink orchid-like flowers in spring, butterfly shaped flowers
Anderson Desert Thorn Waterjacket Lycium andersonii S 3' x 18" Light purple to nearly white flowers in early spring, red berries in fall
Anderson's Wolfberry Waterjacket Lycium andersonii S 3' x 18" Light purple to nearly white flowers in early spring, red berries in fall
Anderson Thornbush Waterjacket Lycium andersonii S 3' x 18" Light purple to nearly white flowers in early spring, red berries in fall
Angelita Daisy Angelita Daisy Hymenoxys acaulis, prev. Tetraneuris acaulis P 1' x 1' Yellow, long blooming yellow flower February to November
Ange's Wings Bunny Ears Opuntia microdasys C 4' x 4' Pale yellow flowers in spring to early summer, red fruits
Antelope Bitterbrush Antelope Bitterbrush Purshia tridentata S 5' x 5' Fragrant with yellow flowers May through July
Antelope Brush Desert Bitterbrush Purshia glandulosa S 5' x 6' 1" yellow rose-like flowers in spring
Apache Plume Apache Plume Fallugia paradoxa S 4' x 4' White rose-like flowers, pink plumed fruits May through December
Apricot Mallow Globe Mallow Sphaeralcea ambigua P 2' x 3' Orange, pink, white, or lavender leaves mostly in spring
Arizona Cypress Arizona Cypress Curpessus arizonica T 50' x 20' Christmas tree look, evergreen, conical
Arizona Rosewood Arizona Rosewood Vauquelinia californica S 5' x 25' In place of oleander, shrub, hedge, or tree, may be pruned, blooms May through July
Autumn Sage Autumn Sage Salvia greggi S 3' x 3' Red flowers, aromatic mid-summer to mid-fall
B          
Baby Sage Baby Sage Salvia microphylla S 3' x 3' Red flowers, mid-summer to mid-fall
Baccharifolius Beardtongue Baccharifolius Beardtongue Penstemon baccharifolius P 2' x 2' Red trumpet shaped flowers June through September
Baja Fairy Duster Baja Fairy Duster Calliandra californica S 3' x 4' Bright red blooms February to May, again in fall
Baloon Flower Palmer's Penstemon Penstemon palmeri P 2' x 1' Showy pink flowers in spring, aromatic
Balsam Fir White Fir Abies concolor T 30' x 12' Evergreen, popular Christmas tree, leaves have lemony fragrance
Bamboo Muhly Bamboo Muhly Muhlenbergia dumosa S 1.5' x 3' Delicate flowers after rains
Banana Yucca Banana Yucca Yucca baccata S 4' x 4' Green leaves, white, greenish, or reddish flowers in spring
Basket Bush Skunkbush Sumac Rhus trilobata P 5' x 5' Small white or yellow flowers in mid-spring, red berries, leaves turn reddish in fall, deciduous
Basket Grass Texas Beargrass Nolina texana S 4' x 3' Off white blooms mid-spring to mid-summer, clump grass appearance
Bastard Sage Bastard Sage Eriogonum wrightii P 2' x 2' Lacy flowers in spring, deciduous
Bay Laurel Bay Laurel Laurus nobilis T 10' x 10' Inconspicuous yellow flowers December through May, fragrant leaves
Bear grass Bear grass Nolina bigelovii Y 4' x 3' Long grass-like leaves, white flowers in June and July
Beargrass Sacahuista Nolina microcarpa  Y 6' x 8' Greenish white flower cluster in spring, 6 foot leaves
Beavertail Cactus Beavertail Cactus Opuntia basilaris C 2' x 2' Magenta to red flowers mid-spring and early summer, purple green fruit
Beebrush Whitebrush Aloysia gratissima S  6' x 6' White flowers March to November
Beehive Cactus Spinystar Cactus Coryphantha (Escobaria) vivipara C 1' x 1' Showy pink to purple flowers in spring or early summer
Bee Sage White Sage Salvia apiana S 3' x 3' White flowers in spring, grey leaves, aromatic
Beloperone Chuparosa Justicia californica S 4' x 8' Long tubular red flowers from May through fall, deciduous
Bicolor Mustard Fragrant Evening Primrose Neriserenia camporum S 2' x 8' White to pale pink flowers in spring, fragrant
Big Berry Manzanita Big Berry Manzanita Arctostaphylos glauca S 10' x 6' White to pink flowers
Bigcone Spruce Bigcone Spruce Pseudotsuga macrocarpa T 40' X 60' Evergreen, majestic
Bigcone Douglas Fir Bigcone Spruce Pseudotsuga macrocarpa T 40' X 60' Evergreen, majestic
Bigelow's Nolina Bear grass Nolina bigelovii S 4' x 3' Long grass-like leaves, white flowers in June and July
Big Love Nolina Bear grass Nolina bigelovii S 4' x 3' Long grass-like leaves, white flowers in June and July
Big Muhly Grass Big Muhly Grass Muhlenbergia lindheimeri S 1' x 2' Purple to grey flowers in summer and fall
Big Sagebrush Great Basin Sage Artemisia tridentata S 4' s 4' Silver-green leaves, drab brown flowers August to October, fragrant
Big Saltbush Brewer's Salt Bush Atriplex lentiformis S 7' x 7' Yellow flowers July to October, evergreen grey leaves
Bird of Paradise Desert Bird of Paradise Caesalpinia gilliesii   S 4' x 4' Showy red and yellow flowers mainly in spring and summer, sporadically after that
Birchleaf Mountain Mahogany Birchleaf Mountain Mahogany Cercocarpus montanus S 12' x 4' White to pink fragrant flowers, attractive leaves
Bird's-foot Cliffbrake Bird's-foot Cliffbrake Pellaea mucronata S 1' x 1' Fern-like, green fill or background
Bird's Foot Fern Bird's-foot Cliffbrake Pellaea mucronata S 1' x 1' Fern-like, green fill or background
Bisbee Peak Rushrose Bisbee Peak Rushrose Helianthemum scoparium P 1' x 2' Yellow flowers March through July
Bitterbrush Mexican Cliffrose Purshia mexicana S 8' x 5' Fragrant, white aromatic flowers with long yellow stamens in late spring
Bitterroot Bitterroot Lewisia rediviva P 6" x 6" Rose-pink to white flowers in mid-summer
Blackbush Roundflower Catclaw Acacia roemeriana T 10' x 15' White fluffy balls of fragrant white flowers, pinkish flat beans
Blackcurrant Sage Baby Sage Salvia microphylla S 3' x 3' Red flowers, mid-summer to mid-fall
Black Dalea Black Dalea Dalea frutescens   S 3' x 4' Summer and fall bright lavender flowers
Black Indigo Bush Black Dalea Dalea frutescens   S 3' x 4' Summer and fall bright lavender flowers
Blackfoot Daisy Blackfoot Daisy Melampodium leucanthum P 6" x 1' White flowers later winter to mid-summer
Black Sage Black Sage Salvia mellifera S 1' x 1' Fragrant with lavender flowers
Black-Spine Prickly Pear Black-Spine Prickly Pear Opuntia macrocentra C 4' x 4' Red and bright yellow flowers late spring to early summer, red fruits
Bladder pod Bladder pod Isomeris arborea (also Cleome isomeris) S 4' x 5' Yellow flowers almost all year
Bladder Sage Bladder Sage Salazaria mexicana S 6' x 6' Pink and purple flowers with purple lip which evolve into a reddish or a pale yellowy bladder
Blind Prickly Pear Blind Prickly Pear Opuntia rufida C 5' x 5' Orange flowers in spring to early summer, fruits have several colors
Bluecurls Parish's Bluecurls Trichostema parishii P 3' x 3' Showy blue fragrant flowers in spring
Bluedicks Bluedicks Dichelostemma capitatum P 6" Light blue flowers late winter to mid-spring
Blue Eldberberrry Blue Eldberberrry Sambucus nigra T 12' x 12' Small, berrylike drupe, purple-black, and very juicy
Blue Flax Lewis Flax Linum lewisii P 3' x 3' Lavender flowers spring until summer
Blue Grama Blue Grama Bouteloua gracilis S 20" Attractive brown to purple flowers
Blue Ice Arizona Cypress Curpessus arizonica T 50' x 20' Christmas tree look, evergreen, conical
Blue Muhly Grass Big Muhly Grass Muhlenbergia lindheimeri S 1' x 2' Purple to grey flowers in summer and fall
Blue Oak Blue Oak Quercus douglasii S 25' x 25' Dapple shade
Blue Palo Verde Blue Palo Verde Cercidium floridum T 12' x 15' Evergreen branches, yellow flowers two weeks in April, May, or June, fragrant
Blue Sage Cleveland Sage Salvia clevelandii S 4' x 4' Purple trumpet shaped flowers spring to summer, evergreen, fragrant
Blue Sage Mountain Desert Sage Salvia pachyphylla S 2' x 2' Two-tone red and purple large flowers July through September, evergreen grey-green leaves
Blue Stemmed Keckiella Scarlet Keckiella Keckiella ternata P 3' x 3' Red flowers spring to summer
Bovardia Bovardia Bouvardia ternifolia S 4' x 3' Showy red trumpet shaped flowers May through November
Box Thorn Waterjacket Lycium andersonii S 3' x 18" Light purple to nearly white flowers in early spring, red berries in fall
Brewster County Barometerbush Violet Silverleaf Leucophyllum candidum S 5' x 5' Violet flowers February to May, silver-white leaves
Brewer's Salt Bush Brewer's Salt Bush Atriplex lentiformis S 7' x 7' Yellow flowers July to October, evergreen grey leaves
Brittle Bush Brittle Bush Encelia farinosa S 3' x 3' Yellow flowers blooming all spring, fragrant
Broadleaf Yucca Banana Yucca Yucca baccata S 4' x 4' Green leaves, white, greenish, or reddish flowers in spring
Broom Rose Bisbee Peak Rushrose Helianthemum scoparium P 1' x 2' Yellow flowers March through July
Brownspine Prickly Pear Mojave Prickly Pear Opuntia phaeacantha C 3' x 6' Yellow flowers in spring slowly changing to pinkish orange, mahogany fruits
Buck Brush Buck Brush Ceanothus cuneatus S 8' x 10' White to light blue flowers in late winter to mid-spring
Buckhorn Cholla Tree Cholla Opuntia acanthocarpa C 8' x 8' Pink to purple flowers most of the year, fruit yellow green
Bullgrass Bullgrass Muhlenbergia emersleyi P 3' x 3' Purple flowers June to November, clump grass
Bunchleaf Penstemon Foothill Penstemon Penstemon heterophyllus P 2' x 1' Showy violet flowers in spring
Bunny Ears Bunny Ears Opuntia microdasys C 4' x 4' Pale yellow flowers in spring to early summer, red fruits
Bush Beardtongue Bush Beardtongue Keckiella breviflora P 5' x 5' White flowers line with purple, pink, or red streaks in spring and fall, fragrant
Bush Monkeyflower Sticky Monkeyflower Mimulus aurantiacus P 3' x 3' White to orange to red flowers mid-spring to early summer
Bush Oceanspray Rockspirea Holodiscus dumosus S 8' x 5' White spray of flowers in July, fruits in October
Bush Penstemon Snapdragon Penstemon Keckiella breviflora P 6' x 3' Wonderfully fragrant, bright yellow flowers spring and summer and elegant foliage
Bush Poppy Tree Poppy Dendromecon rigida S 8' x 6' Profuse bright yellow poppy flowers spring through fall
Butterfly Milkweed Butterfly Milkweed Asclepias tuberosa P 2' x 2' Bright red or orange flower in mid-summer followed by attractive pods in fall
Butterfly Weed Butterfly Milkweed Asclepias tuberosa P 2' x 2' Bright red or orange flower in mid-summer followed by attractive pods in fall
Button Snakeroot Gayfeather Liatris spicata P 2' x 3' Early summer to late fall blooming lavender to purple flower
C          
Cactus Apple Prickly Pear Cactus Opuntia engelmannii C 3' x 3' Yellow to red flowers April-May, purple fruit
California Barrel Cactus California Barrel Cactus Ferocactus acanthodes C 6' Yellow to orange to red flowers in late summer or early fall
California Bay California Laurel Umbellularia californica T 40' x 20' Inconspicuous yellow flowers December through May, fragrant leaves
California Black Oak California Black Oak Quercus kelloggii T 25' x 25' Dapple shade, deciduous, leaves red in fall
California Black Walnut California Walnut Juglans californica T 20' x 20' Yellow blooms the March through May resulting in edible nuts, full shade
California Brickelbush California Brickelbush Brickellia californica S 3' x 6' Insignificant pale yellow flowers with strong fragrance
California Broom Deerweed Lotus scoparius P 3' x 3' Blooms all year, yellow flowers turn red once pollinated
California Buckwheat California Buckwheat Eriogonum fasciculatum P 1.5' x 3' Lacy flowers in spring
California Evening Primrose California Evening Primrose Oenothera californica P 2' x 4' White to pink fragrant flowers in spring
California Fremontia California Fremontia Fremontodendron californicum T 12' x 15' 1 to 2 inch yellow flowers in spring
California Fuchsia California Fuchsia Zauschneria californica P 3' x 5' Red flowers from mid-spring to early winter
California Goosefoot California Goosefoot Chenopodium californicum P 1' x 3" Showy leaves, flowers insignificant
California Holly Toyon Heteromeles arbutifolia S 8' x 5' Small white flowers late spring to early summer, beautiful red fruit in clusters later
California Juniper California Juniper Juniperus californica T 20' x 20' Flowers not noticeable, grey/blue berries on female plants
California Lilac California Lilac Ceanothus greggii vestitus S 6' x 6' White flowers in spring through summer
California Live Oak Coast Live Oak Quercus agrifolia T 20' x 40' Deep shade, evergreen
California Live Oak Interior Live Oak Quercus wislizenii T 10' x 20' Deep shade, evergreen
California Melic California Melic Melica imperfecta S 2' x 8' Clump grass, prefers shade, does well under large trees
California Milkweed California Milkweed Asclepias californica S 3' x 3' Attractive deep purple flowers, grey/white fuzzy leaves
California Prickly Phlox California Prickly Phlox Leptodactylon californicum S 3' x 3' Pink/violet/lavender flowers late winter to mid-spring
California Sage California Sage Artemisia californica S 3' x 3' Accent plant, insignificant flowers
California Tree Poppy Matilija Poppy Romneya coulteri P 3' x 2' Huge white flowers, yellow centers, May to July, fragrant
California Trixis California Trixis Trixis californica S 3' x 3' Showy yellow flowers in spring or after rain
California Walnut California Walnut Juglans californica T 20' x 20' Yellow blooms the March through May resulting in edible nuts, full shade
Candlewood Ocotillo Fouquiera splendens S 12' x 8' Red to orange flowers after rain
Canyon Live Oak Canyon Live Oak Quercus chrysolepis T 30' x 25' Shade, evergreen, large acorns
Canyon Penstemon Desert Penstemon Penstemon pseudospectabilis P 2' x 2' Showy magenta (pink-purple) flowers in mid-summer
Canyon Silktassel Canyon Silktassel Garrya veatchii S 6' x 6' Showy male flowers hang in long white catkins from the end of the branches late winter to spring
Canutillo Mormon Tea Ephedra trifurca or E. viridus S 4' x 6' Texture of stems, yellow flowers on males in spring
Cascalote Tree Cascalote Tree Caesalpinia cacalaco T 12' x 12' Light yellow flowers most of winter, attractive copper pods
Catclaw Acacia Catclaw Acacia Acacia greggii T 15' x 20' Yellow flowers in spring, grey deciduous foliage, fragrant
Catclaw Acacia Roundflower Catclaw Acacia roemeriana T 10' x 15' White fluffy balls of fragrant white flowers, pinkish flat beans
Cenizo Chihuahuan Sage Salvia mellifera S 4' x 5' Fragrant with lavender to purple flowers spring to summer
Cenizo Fourwing Saltbush Atriplex canescens S 5' x 5' Yellow flowers May to September, evergreen grey leaves
Cenizo Texas Ranger Leucophyllum frutescens S 6' x 6' Purple trumpet shaped flowers, evergreen silver leaves
Cenizo Violet Silverleaf Leucophyllum candidum S 5' x 5' Violet flowers February to May, silver-white leaves
Century Plant Century Plant Agave americana Y 7' x 12' Evergreen, yellow flower once at about 10 years or more (monocarpic), stalk 15 to 30 feet high
Century Plant Desert Agave Agave deserti S 3' x 3' Yellow flowers on stem up to 15' in June, grey leaves
Chainfruit Cholla Jumping Cholla Opuntia fulgida var. fulgida C 8' x 6' Red-purple to pink flowers mid spring, green fruits in fall
Chamise Chamise Adenostoma fasciculatum S 6' x 6' Tiny tubular white flowers in spring until July
Chamizo Fourwing Saltbush Atriplex canescens S 5' x 5' Yellow flowers May to September, evergreen grey leaves
Chaparral Beardtongue Snapdragon Penstemon Keckiella breviflora P 6' x 3' Wonderfully fragrant, bright yellow flowers spring and summer and elegant foliage
Chaparral Clematis Pipestem Clematis Clematis lasiantha P To 20' Small white to tan blooms late spring to mid-summer, vine to 20 feet
Chaparral Honeysuckle Southern Honeysuckle Lonicera subspicata denudata S 8' spread White to yellow flowers spring to summer, climbing
Chaparral Paintbrush Wooly Indian Paintbrush Castilleja foliolosa P 3' X 3' Showy orange to red flowers March through June
Chaparral Sumac Sugarbush Rhus ovata S 12' x 15' Cream flowers in spring, red fruits in early summer
Chapote Texas Persimmon Diospyros texana T 20' x 12' Green to white-green urn shaped flowers, edible black fruit on female  trees, dioecious, madrone-like peeling bark
Cherry Sage Autumn Sage Salvia greggi S 3' x 3' Red flowers, aromatic mid-summer to mid-fall
Cherry Sage Baby Sage Salvia microphylla S 3' x 3' Red flowers, mid-summer to mid-fall
Chia Chia Salvia columbariae S 2' Light blue flowers March through June
Chihuahuan Sage Chihuahuan Sage Salvia mellifera S 4' x 5' Fragrant with lavender to purple flowers spring to summer
Chilicote Coral Bean Erythrina flabelliformis T 10' x 8' Long bright red flowers in racemes near end of branches in June followed by foot long gold and brown pods
Chocolate Daisy Chocolate Daisy Berlandiera lyrata P 1' x 1' Slight fragrance of chocolate, late summer yellow flowers
Chocolate Flower Chocolate Daisy Berlandiera lyrata P 1' x 1' Slight fragrance of chocolate, late summer yellow flowers
Chocolate Scented Daisy Chocolate Daisy Berlandiera lyrata P 1' x 1' Slight fragrance of chocolate, late summer yellow flowers
Cholla Espinosa Tree Cholla Opuntia acanthocarpa C 8' x 8' Pink to purple flowers most of the year, fruit yellow green
Christmasberry Toyon Heteromeles arbutifolia T 8' x 5' Small white flowers late spring to early summer, beautiful red fruit in clusters later
Chuparosa Chuparosa Justicia californica S 4' x 8' Long tubular red flowers from May through fall, deciduous
Claret Cup Cactus Claret Cup Cactus Echinocereus triglochidiatus C 1' x 4' Showy scarlet to wine flowers in spring or early summer
Claret Cup Hedgehog Claret Cup Cactus Echinocereus triglochidiatus C 1' x 4' Showy scarlet to wine flowers in spring or early summer
Cleveland Sage Cleveland Sage Salvia clevelandii S 4' x 4' Purple trumpet shaped flowers spring to summer, evergreen, fragrant
Cliff Fendlerbush Cliff Fendlerbush Fendlera rupicola S 1' x 6' Purple flowers in spring to fall, fragrant, silver foliage
Cliff Goldenbush Cliff Goldenbush Ericameria cuneata S 1' x 1.5' Showy yellow flowers late summer and fall
Cliff-Heath Goldenrod Cliff Goldenbush Ericameria cuneata S 1' x 1.5' Showy yellow flowers late summer and fall
Cliff Rose Mexican Cliffrose Purshia mexicana S 8' x 5' Fragrant, white aromatic flowers with long yellow stamens in late spring
Coast Live Oak Coast Live Oak Quercus agrifolia T 20' x 40' Deep shade, evergreen
Coast Range Melic Grass California Melic Melica imperfecta P 2' x 8' Clump grass, prefers shade, does well under large trees
Cobwebby Thistle  Red Thistle Cirsium proteanum or occidentale P 6' x 1' Red flowers in spring, dies after it produces
Coffeyberry Coffeyberry Rhamnus californica S 5' X 10' Greenish white to yellow flowers in spring, dark red fruit later
Colorado Four O'clock Colorado Four O'clock Mirabilis multiflora P 1' x 1' Green leaves, purple flower in July and August
Colorines Coral Bean Erythrina flabelliformis T 10' x 8' Long bright red flowers in racemes near end of branches in June followed by foot long gold and brown pods
Common Deerweed Deerweed Lotus scoparius P 3' x 3' Blooms all year, yellow flowers turn red once pollinated
Compass Barrel Cactus California Barrel Cactus Ferocactus acanthodes C 6' Yellow to orange to red flowers in late summer or early fall
Cooper's Paper Daisy Paper Flower Psilostrophe cooperi P 2' x 1' Yellow flowers bloom early in spring and last for a long time eventually turning into dry and paper-like, used for dry arrangements
Coulter Pine Coulter Pine Pinus coulteri T 40' x 20' Long dark green needles, huge pine cones, tolerant
Coulter's Hibiscus Desert Rosemallow Hibiscus coulteri P 4' x 2' Showy cream, tan, or yellow flowers March through November
Cow Blinder Blind Prickly Pear Opuntia rufida C 5' x 5' Orange flowers in spring to early summer, fruits have several colors
Cow's Tongue Prickly Pear Cow's Tongue Prickly Pear Opuntia engelmannii var. linguiformis C 4' x 4' Yellow flowers in spring, purple fruits
Coyote Brush Dwarf Coyote Brush Baccharis pilularis Var. pilularis S 1' x 12' Evergreen groundcover, white flowers summer to fall
Coyote Gourd Coyote Gourd Cucurbita palmata V 6" x 30' Large 3" wide yellow, unisexual, bell shaped, opens in morning, closes by mid-day, April through September
Creosote Bush Creosote Bush Larrea tridentata S 6' x 6' Yellow flowers in spring, evergreen, fragrance from leaves when humidity is high
Curved Spine Claret Cup Claret Cup Cactus Echinocereus triglochidiatus C 1' x 4' Showy scarlet to wine flowers in spring or early summer
Curl-leaf Mountain Mahogany Curl-leaf Mountain Mahogany Cercocarpus ledifolius T 12' x 12' Inconspicuous flowers but eye catching spiral silver-haired seed plumes, plant has spicy aroma
D          
Datil Yucca Banana Yucca Yucca baccata S 4' x 4' Green leaves, white, greenish, or reddish flowers in spring
Datura Jimson Weed Datura wrightii P 2' x 4' Showy white or off-white 6 to 8 " flowers in spring, summer, and fall, deadly poisonous
Deergrass Deergrass Muhlenbergia rigens P 3' x 4' Lacy flowers in spring, clump grass
Deerweed Deerweed Lotus scoparius P 3' x 3' Blooms all year, yellow flowers turn red once pollinated
Del Rio Baccharifolius Beardtongue Penstemon baccharifolius P 2' x 2' Red trumpet shaped flowers June through September
Delta age Baby Sage Salvia microphylla S 3' x 3' Red flowers, mid-summer to mid-fall
Desert Agave Desert Agave Agave deserti P 3' x 3' Yellow flowers on stem up to 15' in June, grey leaves (monocarpic)
Desert Almond Desert Almond Prunus fasciculata S 3' x 3' Tiny, white flowers, not showy
Desert Alyssum Desert Alyssum Lepidium fremontii P 2' x 2.5' Fragrant white flowers March to May
Desert Apricot Desert Apricot Prunus fremontii T 15' x 10' Fragrant white/pink flower in February and March
Desert Barberry Red Barberry Berberis haematocarpa S 6' x 8' Fragrant yellow flowers, red berries, purple fall color
Desert Beardtongue Desert Penstemon Penstemon pseudospectabilis P 2' x 2' Showy magenta (pink-purple) flowers in mid-summer
Desert Bird of Paradise Desert Bird of Paradise Caesalpinia gilliesii   S 4' x 4' Showy red and yellow flowers mainly in spring and summer, sporadically after that
Desert Bitterbrush Desert Bitterbrush Purshia glandulosa S 5' x 6' 1" yellow rose-like flowers in spring
Desert Broom Desert Broom Baccharis sarothroides S 6' x 6' Winter blooms, showy white flowers on female plant, cream colored on male
Desert Candle Desert Spoon Dasylirion wheeleri S 5' x 4' Yellow flowers on 15 to 20 foot stalks, silver to green evergreen leaves
Desert Catalpa Desert Willow Chilopsis linearis T 12' x 15' Trumpet shaped flowers 2 to 3 inches long in white to rose to purple, often two toned, April through September
Desert Daisy Blackfoot Daisy Melampodium leucanthum P 6" x 1' White flowers later winter to mid-summer
Desert Deathcamas Desert Deathcamas Zigadenus brevibracteatus P 2' x 1' Cream colored flowers April-May
Desert False Indigo Desert False Indigo Amphora fruticosa S 10' x 10' Small purple flowers on 3 inch spike, fragrance of guava, pineapple, lavender
Desert Gem Blind Prickly Pear Opuntia rufida C 5' x 5' Orange flowers in spring to early summer, fruits have several colors
Desert Hibiscus Desert Rosemallow Hibiscus coulteri P 4' x 2' Showy cream, tan, or yellow flowers March through November
Desert Holly Desert Holly Atriplex hymenelytra S 3' x 3' Yellow flowers, red fruits, spring to fall
Desert Honeysuckle Desert Honeysuckle Anisacanthus thurberi S 4' x 6' Lovely orange to red flowers superficially resemble those of honeysuckles
Desert Hyacinth Bluedicks Dichelostemma capitatum P 6" Light blue flowers late winter to mid-spring
Desert Larkspur Desert Larkspur Delphinium pasishii P 3' x 1' Blue to purple flowers in April through June
Desert Lavender Desert Lavender Hyptis emoryi S 8' x 8' Lavender flowers, minty fragrance in spring, grey to white foliage
Desert Mountain Mahogany Curl-leaf Mountain Mahogany Cercocarpus ledifolius T 12' x 12' Inconspicuous flowers but eye catching spiral silver-haired seed plumes, plant has spicy aroma
Desert Mallow Globe Mallow Sphaeralcea ambigua P 2' x 3' Orange, pink, white, or lavender leaves mostly in spring
Desert Marigold Desert Marigold Baileya multiradiata P 1' x 1' Yellow daisies almost all year
Desert Mariposa Lily Desert Mariposa Lily Calochortus kennedyi P to 8" Orange, yellow, or white flowers from April to June
Desert Milkweed Desert Milkweed Asclepias erosa P 2' x 2' White flowers May to July
Desert Peach Desert Almond Prunus fasciculata S 3' x 3' Tiny, white flowers, not showy
Desert Penstemon Desert Penstemon Penstemon pseudospectabilis P 2' x 2' Showy magenta (pink-purple) flowers in mid-summer
Desert Pepperweed Desert Alyssum Lepidium fremontii P 2' x 2.5' Fragrant white flowers March to May
Desert Prickly Pear Mojave Prickly Pear Opuntia phaeacantha C 3' x 6' Yellow flowers in spring slowly changing to pinkish orange, mahogany fruits
Desert Princesplume Prince's Plume Stanleya pinnata P 6' x 5' 3 foot yellow flower spikes bloom April through September
Desert Rock Goldenbush Cliff Goldenbush Ericameria cuneata S 1' x 1.5' Showy yellow flowers late summer and fall
Desert Rose Arizona Rosewood Vauquelinia californica S 5' x 25' In place of oleander, shrub, hedge, or tree, may be pruned, blooms May through July
Desert Rosemallow Desert Rosemallow Hibiscus coulteri P 4' x 2' Showy cream, tan, or yellow flowers March through November
Desert Sage Desert Sage Salvia dorrii S 2' x 2' Blue flowers bloom late in spring , leaves fragrant
Desert Snapdragon Palmer's Penstemon Penstemon palmeri P 2' x 1' Showy pink flowers in spring, aromatic
Desert Spoon Desert Spoon Dasylirion wheeleri S 5' x 4' Yellow flowers on 15 to 20 foot stalks, silver to green evergreen leaves
Desert Tomato Waterjacket Lycium andersonii S 3' x 18" Light purple to nearly white flowers in early spring, red berries in fall
Desert Willow Desert Willow Chilopsis linearis T 12' x 15' Trumpet shaped flowers 2 to 3 inches long in white to rose to purple, often two toned, April through September
Desert Zinnia Dwarf White Zinnia Zinnia acerosa P 6" x 18" White flowers after rains
Desert Zygadene Desert Deathcamas Zigadenus brevibracteatus P 2' x 1' Cream colored flowers April-May
Devil Claw Redspined Fishhook Cactus Sclerocactus polyancistrus C 1' x 1' Showy fuschia to magenta flowers in spring or early summer
Devil's Shoestring Texas Beargrass Nolina texana S 4' x 3' Off white blooms mid-spring to mid-summer, clump grass appearance
Devil's Trumpet Jimson Weed Datura wrightii P 2' x 4' Showy white or off-white 6 to 8 " flowers in spring, summer, and fall, deadly poisonous
Dollarjoint Pricklypear Pancake Prickly Pear Opuntia chlorotica C 3' x 3' Yellow-orange flowers in spring, red fruits
Dwarf Coyote Brush Dwarf Coyote Brush Baccharis pilularis Var. pilularis S 1' x 12' Evergreen groundcover, white flowers summer to fall
Dwarf Soaproot Wavyleaf Soap Plant Chlorogalum pomeridianum P to 3' Summer white lilies, dies out in late summer
Dwarf White Zinnia Dwarf White Zinnia Zinnia acerosa P 6" x 18" White flowers after rains
E          
Eaton's Penstemon Eaton's Penstemon Penstemon eatoni P 3' x 2' Showy red flowers in spring
Engelmann's Hedgehog Cactus Engelmann's Hedgehog Cactus Echinocereus engelmannii C 2' x 2' Showy magenta to fuschia flowers in spring or early summer
Engelmann's Prickly Pear Prickly Pear Cactus Opuntia engelmannii C 3' x 3' Yellow to red flowers April-May, purple fruit
Ephedra Mormon Tea Ephedra trifurca or E. viridus S 4' x 6' Texture of stems, yellow flowers on males in spring
Ephedra Nevada Jointfir Ephedra nevadensis S 5' x 5' Texture of stems, yellow flowers on males in spring
El Tigre Pitcher Sage Fragrant Pitcher Plant Lepechinia fragrans S 6' X 6' Aromatic white to purple flowers blooming April to June
Eureka Dunes Evening Primrose California Evening Primrose Oenothera californica P 2' x 4' White to pink fragrant flowers in spring
Evening Primrose California Evening Primrose Oenothera californica P 2' x 4' White to pink fragrant flowers in spring
Evergreen Mahogany Curl-leaf Mountain Mahogany Cercocarpus ledifolius T 12' x 12' Inconspicuous flowers but eye catching spiral silver-haired seed plumes, plant has spicy aroma
F          
Fairy Duster Fairy Duster Calliandra eriophylla S 4' x 4' Silver-green leaves, fragrant, pink to red duster blooms most of year, showy April through July
Faury Muhly Bamboo Muhly Muhlenbergia dumosa S 1.5' x 3' Delicate flowers after rains
Feather Dalea Feather Dalea Dalea formosa S 1' x 2' Bloom March to September with small purple and white or cream flowers, good ground cover
Feather Plume Feather Dalea Dalea formosa S 1' x 2' Bloom March to September with small purple and white or cream flowers, good ground cover
Firecracker Bush Bovardia Bouvardia ternifolia S 4' x 3' Showy red trumpet shaped flowers May through November
Fishhook Barrel Cactus Fishhook Barrel Cactus Ferocactus cylindraceus C 4' x 1' Yellow flowers in early summer, yellow fruit
Fishhook Cactus Graham's Nipple Cactus Mammillaria grahamii C 6" Large pink flowers February to July, red fruits
Fishhook Cactus Strawberry Cactus Mammillaria dioica C 1' x 6" White to pink flowers, scarlet fruit
Flannelbush California Fremontia Fremontodendron californicum T 12' x 15' 1 to 2 inch yellow flowers in spring
Fleabane Latin American Fleabane Erigeron karvinskianus P 2' x 5' White to pink flowers blooming most of year, ground cover, shuts down during hottest months
Florida Muhly Hairawn Muhly Muhlenbergia capillaris P 3' x 4' Purple to pink flowers on September to November, clump grass
Foothill Penstemon Foothill Penstemon Penstemon heterophyllus P 2' x 1' Showy violet flowers in spring
Fourwing Saltbush Fourwing Saltbush Atriplex canescens S 5' x 5' Yellow flowers May to September, evergreen grey leaves
Fragrant Evening Primrose Fragrant Evening Primrose Neriserenia camporum S 2' x 8" White to pale pink flowers in spring, fragrant
Fragrant Pitcher Plant Fragrant Pitcher Plant Lepechinia fragrans s 6' X 6' Aromatic white to purple flowers blooming April to June
Fragrant Sage Cleveland Sage Salvia clevelandii S 4' x 4' Purple trumpet shaped flowers spring to summer, evergreen, fragrant
Fragrant Starleaf Starleaf Mexican Orange Choisya dumosa S 18" x 3' White fragrant flowers mid-spring to early winter, fancy leaves
Franciscan Paintbrush Longleaf Indian Paintbrush Castilleja subinclusa S 2' x 3' Showy red flowers spring through summer
Fried Egg Flower Matilija Poppy Romneya coulteri P 3' x 2' Huge white flowers, yellow centers, May to July, fragrant
Foothill Yucca Our Lord's Candle Yucca Yucca whipplei S 3' x 4' Evergreen, white and purple flowers in spring
Froebel's Four O'clock Colorado Four O'clock Mirabilis multiflora P 1' x 1' Green leaves, purple flower in July and August
Funny Bunny Bunny Ears Opuntia microdasys C 4' x 4' Pale yellow flowers in spring to early summer, red fruits
G          
Gaping Keckiella Bush Beardtongue Keckiella breviflora P 5' x 5' White flowers line with purple, pink, or red streaks in spring and fall, fragrant
Gallinita Yellow Butterfly Vine Mascagnia macroptera S 15' vine Bright yellow butterfly shaped flowers during hottest months
Gambel Oak Gambel Oak Quercus gambelii T 30' x 30' Deciduous high altitude medium oak
Giant Flowered Purple Sage Blue Sage Salvia pachyphylla S 2' x 2' Two-tone red and purple large flowers July through September, evergreen grey-green leaves
Giant Four O'Clock Colorado Four O'clock Mirabilis multiflora P 1' x 1' Green leaves, purple flower in July and August
Giant Hesperaloe New Mexico False Yucca Hesperaloe funifera Y 6' x 6' White to yellow blooming stalk to 15 feet March through May
Giant Sacaton Grass Giant Sacaton Grass Sporobolus wrightii P 6' x 6' Pale pink fragrant flowers mid-summer to fall
Giant Woolystar Giant Woolystar Eriastrum densifolium P 1' x 1' Light blue to purple flowers bloom June to October, endangered
Gilia Beardtongue Gilia Beardtongue Penstemon ambiguus P 2' x 2' Uniquely showy light-pink flowered species for its extravagant late spring display
Gilia Penstemon Gilia Beardtongue Penstemon ambiguus P 2' x 2' Uniquely showy light-pink flowered species for its extravagant late spring display
Globe Mallow Globe Mallow Sphaeralcea ambigua P 2' x 3' Orange, pink, white, or lavender leaves mostly in spring
Golden-aster Hairy Goldenaster Heterotheca villosa P 1' x 1' Yellow to gold flowers June through October
Goldcup Oak Canyon Live Oak Quercus chrysolepis T 30' x 25' Shade, evergreen, large acorns
Golden Currant Golden Currant Ribes aureum V 10' x 10' Yellow, tubular showy flowers, borne in spring, hanging clusters several inches long, clove-like fragrance
Goldeneye Desert Sunflower Viguiera deltoidea parishii P 3' x 3' Showy yellow flowers February to June
Golden Stars Golden Stars Bloomeria crocea P 2' Bright yellow flowers in spring, goes dormant in summer
Golden Yarrow Golden Yarrow Eriophyllum confertiflorum P 2' x 2' Mat of bright yellow flowers blooming late winter to early spring
Gold Swivel Cactus Bunny Ears Opuntia microdasys C 4' x 4' Pale yellow flowers in spring to early summer, red fruits
Gooding's Verbena Mojave Verbena Verbena gooddingii P 1' x 1' Pale lavender-blue flowers from February to November, fragrant
Governadora Creosote Bush Larrea tridentata S 6' x 6' Yellow flowers in spring, evergreen, fragrance from leaves when humidity is high
Graham's Nipple Cactus Graham's Nipple Cactus Mammillaria grahamii C 6" Large pink flowers February to July, red fruits
Grape Soda Lupine Grape Soda Lupine Lupinus excubitus S 4' x 4' Showy purple blooms May and June with fragrance of grape soda
Greasewood Antelope Bitterbrush Purshia tridentata S 5' x 5' Fragrant with yellow flowers
Greasewood Chamise Adenostoma fasciculatum S 6' x 6' Tiny tubular white flowers in spring until July
Great Basin Sage Great Basin Sage Artemisia tridentata S 4' x 4' Silver-green leaves, drab brown flowers August to October, fragrant
Green Sotol Texas Sotol Dasylirion texanum Y 3' x 5' Creamy white flowers on 15 foot stalks spring and summer, light green evergreen leaves
Gregg Dalea Gregg Dalea Dalea greggii S 1' x 4' Purple flowers in spring to fall, fragrant, silver foliage, ground cover
Gregg's Sage Autumn Sage Salvia greggi S 3' x 3' Red flowers, aromatic mid-summer to mid-fall
Grey Headed Coneflower Upright Prairie Cooneflower Ratibida columnifera P 3' x 2' Showy brown, yellow, orange flowers May through October
Grinnell's Beardtongue Grinnell's Penstemon Penstemon grinnellii P 2' x 2' Showy pink flowers in spring
Grinnell's Penstemon Grinnell's Penstemon Penstemon grinnellii P 2' x 2' Showy pink flowers in spring
Grizzly Bear Pricklypear Grizzly Bear Pricklypear Opuntia erinacea CS 1' x 3' Pink, red, or yellow flowers in May and June
Guamis Creosote Bush Larrea tridentata S 6' x 6' Yellow flowers in spring, evergreen, fragrance from leaves when humidity is high
Gulf Muhly Hairawn Muhly Muhlenbergia capillaris P 3' x 4' Purple to pink flowers on September to November, clump grass
H          
Hairawn Muhly Hairawn Muhly Muhlenbergia capillaris P 3' x 4' Purple to pink flowers on September to November, clump grass
Hairy False Goldenaster Hairy Goldenaster Heterotheca villosa P 1' x 1' Yellow to gold flowers June through October
Hairy Goldenaster Hairy Goldenaster Heterotheca villosa P 1' x 1' Yellow to gold flowers June through October
Hairy Yerba Santa Hairy Yerba Santa Eriodictyon trichocalyx S 6' x 6' White to purple flowers in spring
Hedgehog Cactus Engelmann's Hedgehog Cactus Echinocereus engelmannii C 2' x 2' Flowers used by hummingbirds and butterflies, fruits eaten by songbirds, game birds, and other mammals
Hediondilla Creosote Bush Larrea tridentata S 6' x 6' Yellow flowers in spring, evergreen, fragrance from leaves when humidity is high
Hermit's Cactus Redspined Fishhook Cactus Sclerocactus polyancistrus C 1' x 1' Showy fuschia to magenta flowers in spring or early summer
Hollyleaf Buckthorn Redberry Rhamnus crocea T 12'  x 9' White flowers in March and April, followed by showy red berries, tree looks like scrub oak
Hollyleaf Cherry Hollyleaf Cherry Prunus ilicifolia T 8' x 8' White flower spikes in spring, bright red cherries in fall
Hollyleaf Redberry Redberry Rhamnus crocea T 12' x 9' White flowers in March and April, followed by showy red berries, tree looks like scrub oak
Honey Mesquite Honey Mesquite Prosopis glandulosa T 20' x 20' White flowers with long stamens February through September, seed pods
Hopsage Spiny Hopsage Grayia spinosa S 2' x 2' Dark green leaves, bright red flowers March through June
Howard McMinn Manzanita Howard McMinn Manzanita Arctostaphylos densiflora S 8' x 12' Small, white to pinkish white flowers, appearing from late winter to spring
Huajillo Huajillo Havardia pallens T 20' x 15' Fragrant, white, ball shaped flowers May through August
Hummingbird Bush Chuparosa Justicia californica S 4' x 8' Long tubular red flowers from May through fall, deciduous
Hummingbird Trumpet California Fucshia Zauschneria californica P 3' x 5' Red flowers from mid-spring to early winter
I          
Incense Cedar Incense Cedar Calocedrus decurrens T 40' x 20' Long dark green needles, fragrant
Incienso Brittle Bush Encelia farinosa S 3' x 3' Yellow flowers blooming all spring, fragrant
Indian Lettuce California Goosefoot Chenopodium californicum P 1' x 3" Showy leaves, flowers insignificant
Indian Milkweed Indian Milkweed Asclepias eriocarpa P 3' x 1' Yellow flowers July to October, red fruits, butterfly magnet
Indian Milkweed Wooly Milkweeed Asclepias eriocarpa P 3' x 3' Profuse large clusters of pink-white flowers
Indian Ricegrass Indian Ricegrass Oryzopsis hymenoides P 2' x 1' Cream or tan flowers in spring, goes dormant with summer heat, popular for dry flower arrangements
Indian Tea Mormon Tea Ephedra trifurca or E. viridus S 4' x 6' Texture of stems, yellow flowers on males in spring
Indian Tea Nevada Jointfir Ephedra nevadensis S 5' x 5' Texture of stems, yellow flowers on males in spring
Interior Live Oak Interior Live Oak Quercus wislizenii T 10' x 20' Deep shade, evergreen
Island Pitcher Plant Fragrant Pitcher Plant Lepechinia fragrans S 6' X 6' Aromatic white to purple flowers blooming April to June
J          
Jimson Weed Jimson Weed Datura wrightii P 2' x 4' Showy white or off-white 6 to 8 " flowers in spring, summer, and fall, deadly poisonous
Jointfir Mormon Tea Ephedra trifurca or E. viridus S 4' x 6' Texture of stems, yellow flowers on males in spring
Jointfir Nevada Jointfir Ephedra nevadensis S 5' x 5' Texture of stems, yellow flowers on males in spring
Joshua Tree Joshua Tree Yucca brevifolia T 15' x 8' White to cream colored flowers in March followed by attractive fruits
Jumping Cholla Jumping Cholla Opuntia fulgida var. fulgida C 8' x 6' Red-purple to pink flowers mid spring, green fruits in fall
Jumping Cholla Teddybear Cholla Opuntia bigelovii C 4' X 4' Green-yellow to white flowers in spring, green or yellow fruit
June Bride Littleleaf Mock Orange Philadelphus microphyllus S 1' x 1' Long grass-like leaves, small white flowers March through May with fragrance of pineapples
K          
Kaweah River Bush Monkey Flower Kaweah River Bush Monkey Flower Diplacus calycinus S 3' x 3' White to yellow to orange flowers from March until July
Kingcup Cactus Claret Cup Cactus Echinocereus triglochidiatus C 1' x 4' Showy scarlet to wine flowers in spring or early summer
Kotolo Milkweed Indian Milkweed Asclepias eriocarpa P 3' x 1' Yellow flowers July to October, red fruits, butterfly magnet
L          
Larchleaf Goldenweed Turpentinebush Ericameria laricifolia p 6' X 8' Fragrant yellow flowers mid-fall, red berries, purple fall color
Latin American Fleabane Latin American Fleabane Erigeron karvinskianus P 2, x 5' White to pink flowers blooming most of year, ground cover, shuts down during hottest months
Lechuguilla Lechuguilla Agave lechuguilla S 18' x 2' Evergreen, yellow-green flower April to August after rain
Lewis Flax Lewis Flax Linum lewisii P 3' x 3' Lavender flowers spring until summer
Limber Pine Limber Pine Pinus flexilis T 30' x 20' Long dark blue/green needles
Lindheimer's Beeblossom White Gaura Gaura lindheimeri P 18" x 2' Shiny pink flowers from mid-summer to fall, red to green foliage
Lindheimer's Muhly Big Muhly Grass Muhlenbergia lindheimeri S 1' x 2' Purple to grey flowers in summer and fall
Littleleaf Mock Orange Littleleaf Mock Orange Philadelphus microphyllus S 1' x 1' Long grass-like leaves, small white flowers March through May with fragrance of pineapples
Littleleaf Mountain Mahogany Littleleaf Mountain Mahogany Cercocarpus intricatus T 6' x 6' Small yellow flowers in mid-spring, evergreen rosemary-like leaves
Littleleaf Sumac Littleleaf Sumac Rhus microphylla S 8' x 6' White flowers in spring, orange fruits in early summer
Loco Weed Jimson Weed Datura wrightii P 2' x 4' Showy white or off-white 6 to 8 " flowers in spring, summer, and fall, deadly poisonous
Lodgepole Pine Lodgepole Pine Pinus contorta T 40' x 15' Dark green needles, slender conical shape
Longleaf Indian Paintbrush Longleaf Indian Paintbrush Castilleja subinclusa S 2' x 3' Showy red flowers spring through summer
Longleaf Paintbrush Longleaf Indian Paintbrush Castilleja subinclusa S 2' x 3' Showy red flowers spring through summer
Longleaf Teabush Mormon Tea Ephedra trifurca or E. viridus S 4' x 6' Texture of stems, yellow flowers on males in spring
Lyreleaf Greeneyes Chocolate Daisy Berlandiera lyrata P 1' x 1' Slight fragrance of chocolate, late summer yellow flowers
M          
Maguey Century Plant Agave americana Y 7' x 12' Evergreen, yellow flower once at about 10 years or more (monocarpic), stalk 15 to 30 feet high
Many-spined Devil's Claw Redspined Fishhook Cactus Sclerocactus polyancistrus C 1' x 1' Showy fuschia to magenta flowers in spring or early summer
Mariola Mariola Parthenium incanum P 2' x 2' Pale white to yellow flowers in summer, gray-white, velvety, aromatic leaves, drought and cold deciduous
Matilija Poppy Matilija Poppy Romneya coulteri P 3' x 2' Huge white flowers, yellow centers, May to July, fragrant
Maul Oak Canyon Live Oak Quercus chrysolepis T 30' x 25' Shade, evergreen, large acorns
Mescal New Mexico Agave Agave neomexicana S 2' x 2' Evergreen, yellow flower once in spring
Mescal Bean Mescal Bean Sophora secundiflora  T 20' x 15' Distinctive, showy; pendulous raceme of purple flowers late winter to early spring, fragrant
Mescal Bean New Mexico Locust Robinia neomexicana T 12' x 12' Green leaves, fragrant purplish to pink flowers April through August
Mescal Ceniza Mescal Ceniza Agave colorata Y 3' x 3' Yellow flowers on stem, grey leaves (monocarpic)
Mescal Pelon Mescal Pelon Agave pelona Y 6' x 6' White bloom on stem in early spring, light green leaves (monocarpic)
Mescat Acacia Whitethorn Acacia Acacia constricta T 15' x 10' Yellow puffballs in spring, fragrant, attractive brown pods in fall
Mesquite Torry Mesquite Prosopis glandulosa var. torreyana T 10' x 25' Yellow flowers in late spring, fragrant, seedpods are sometime scarlet
Mesquite Grama Side Oats Grama Bouteloua curtipendula P 2' Purple blooms summer to fall
Mexican Cliffrose Mexican Cliffrose Purshia mexicana S 8' x 5' Fragrant, white aromatic flowers with long yellow stamens in late spring
Mexican Daisy Latin American Fleabane Erigeron karvinskianus P 2' x 5' White to pink flowers blooming most of year, ground cover, shuts down during hottest months
Mexican Grass Tree Mexican Grass Tree Dasylirion longissimum Y 6' x 6' White flowers after red buds, stalk up to 15 feet tall in mid-summer, dioecious
Mexican Hat Upright Prairie Cooneflower Ratibida columnifera P 3' x 2' Showy brown, yellow, orange flowers May through October
Mexican Manzanita Pointleaf Manzanita Arctostaphylos pungens S 6' x 6' White to pink flowers in late winter to spring, red berries in summer
Mexican Orange Starleaf Mexican Orange Choisya dumosa S 18" x 3' White fragrant flowers mid-spring to early winter, fancy leaves
Mexican Tree Ocotillo Mexican Tree Ocotillo Fouquieria macdougalii Y 15' x 10' Red  flowers mid-spring
Mock Mesquite Fairy Duster Calliandra eriophylla S 4' x 4' Silver-green leaves, fragrant, pink to red duster blooms most of year, showy April through July
Mojave Ceanothus California Lilac Ceanothus greggii vestitus S 6' x 6' White flowers in spring through summer
Mojave Mound Cactus Claret Cup Cactus Echinocereus triglochidiatus C 1' x 4' Showy scarlet to wine flowers in spring or early summer
Monarch Milkweed Indian Milkweed Asclepias eriocarpa P 3' x 1' Yellow flowers July to October, red fruits, butterfly magnet
Mojave Aster Mojave Aster Xylorhiza tortifolia P 1' x 2' Light purple flowers March through May and again in September-October
Mojave Beardtongue Mojave Beardtongue Penstemon incertus P 3' x 3' Showy pink and blue flowers in spring to summer
Mojave Devil's Claw Redspined Fishhook Cactus Sclerocactus polyancistrus C 1' x 1' Showy fuschia to magenta flowers in spring or early summer
Mojave Prickly Pear Mojave Prickly Pear Opuntia phaeacantha C 3' x 6' Yellow flowers in spring slowly changing to pinkish orange, mahogany fruits
Mojave Verbena Mojave Verbena Verbena gooddingii P 1' x 1' Pale lavender-blue flowers from February to November, fragrant
Mojave Woodyaster Mojave Aster Xylorhiza tortifolia P 1' x 2' Light purple flowers March through May and again in September-October
Mojave Yucca Mojave Yucca Yucca schidigera S 5' x 4' Evergreen, white and purple flowers
Monarch Milkweed Wooly Milkweeed Asclepias eriocarpa P 3' x 3' Profuse large clusters of pink-white flowers
Mormon Tea Mormon Tea Ephedra trifurca or E. viridus S 4' x 6' Texture of stems, yellow flowers on males in spring
Mormon Tea Nevada Jointfir Ephedra nevadensis P 5' x 5' Texture of stems, yellow flowers on males in spring
Mosquito Grass Blue Grama Bouteloua gracilis S 20" Attractive gold to purple flowers
Mountain Bluecurls Parish's Bluecurls Trichostema parishii P 3' x 3' Showy blue fragrant flowers in spring
Mountain Buckbrush California Lilac Ceanothus greggii vestitus S 6' x 6' White flowers in spring through summer
Mountain Bush Sunflower Acton Encelia Encelia actoni S 3' x 3' Yellow flowers in spring and summer, fragrant foliage
Mountain Desert Sage Mountain Desert Sage Salvia pachyphylla S 2' x 2' Two-tone red and purple large flowers July through September, evergreen grey-green leaves
Mountain Mahogany Mountain Mahogany Cercocarpus belutoides T 4' x 12' White to pink fragrant flowers, attractive leaves, inverse conical shape, gains personality with age
Mountainspray Rockspirea Holodiscus dumosus S 8' x 5' White spray of flowers in July, fruits in October
N          
Narrowleaf Milkweed Narrowleaf Milkweed Asclepias fascicularis P 3' x 1' White to off-white flowers July to October, butterfly magnet
Narrowleaf Yerba Santa Narrowleaf Yerba Santa Eriodictyon angustifolium S 3' x 3' White flowers in spring and summer
Netleaf Hackberry Netleaf Hackberry Celtic reticulata T 15' x 20' Attracts songbirds in fall and winter, good shade tree, small green flowers in spring
Nevada Jointfir Nevada Jointfir Ephedra nevadensis P 5' x 5' Texture of stems, yellow flowers on males in spring
New Mexico Agave New Mexico Agave Agave neomexicana S 2' x 2' Evergreen, yellow flower once in spring
New Mexico Century Plant New Mexico Agave Agave neomexicana S 2' x 2' Evergreen, yellow flower once in spring
New Mexico False Yucca New Mexico False Yucca Hesperaloe funifera Y 6' x 6' White to yellow blooming stalk to 15 feet March through May
New Mexico Locust New Mexico Locust Robinia neomexicana T 12' x 12' Green leaves, fragrant purplish to pink flowers April through August
Nodding Needlegrass Nodding Needlegrass Nassella cernua or Stipa cernua S 2' x 3' Tufted foliage with elegant flower stems
Nopal Violaceo Black-Spine Prickly Pear Opuntia macrocentra C 4' x 4' Red and bright yellow flowers late spring to early summer, red fruits
O          
Oceanblue Larkspur Desert Larkspur Delphinium pasishii P 3' x 1' Blue to purple flowers in April through June
Ocotillo Ocotillo Fouquiera splendens S 12' x 8' Green leaves for short time after rains, red-orange flowers on fall, stem evergreen
Orange Bush Monkeyflower Orange Bush Monkeyflower Diplacus aurantiacus S 3' x 3' One inch yellow to orange to scarlet flowers in spring, dormant in summer in desert
Our Lord's Candle Yucca Our Lord's Candle Yucca Yucca whipplei S 3' x 4' Evergreen, white and purple flowers in spring
P          
Palmer's Penstemon Palmer's Penstemon Penstemon palmeri P 2' x 1' Showy pink flowers in spring, aromatic
Palmilla Soaptree Yucca Yucca elata S 6' x 4' Green leaves, bell-shaped white flowers March and April, limbs, dead leaves hang on limbs
Pancake Prickly Pear Pancake Prickly Pear Opuntia chlorotica C 3' x 3' Yellow-orange flowers in spring, red fruits
Palo Blanco Netleaf Hackberry Celtic reticulata T 15' x 20' Attracts songbirds in fall and winter, good shade tree, small green flowers in spring
Paper Bag Bush Bladder Sage Salazaria mexicana S 6' x 6' Pink and purple flowers with purple lip which evolve into a reddish or a pale yellowy bladder
Paper Flower Paper Flower Psilostrophe cooperi P 2' x 1' Yellow flowers bloom early in spring and last for a long time eventually turning into dry and paper-like, used for dry arrangements
Parish's Bluecurls Parish's Bluecurls Trichostema parishii P 3' x 3' Showy blue fragrant flowers in spring
Parish's Goldeneye Desert Sunflower Viguiera deltoidea parishii P 3' x 3' Showy yellow flowers February to June
Parry's Beardtongue Parry's Penstemon Penstemon parryi P 3' x 2' Rose-pink flowers in spring
Parry's Beargrass Parry's Beargrass Nolina parryi Y 3' x 3' White flowers on very tall stalks in spring
Parry's Nolina Parry's Beargrass Nolina parryi Y 3' x 3' White flowers on very tall stalks in spring
Parry's Penstemon Parry's Penstemon Penstemon parryi P 3' x 2' Rose-pink flowers in spring
Pata de Vaca Western Redbud Cercis occidentalis T 20' x 10' Showy pink, purple, or white flowers in April, rosy seed pods in May
Peppergrass Desert Alyssum Lepidium fremontii P 2' x 2.5' Fragrant white flowers March to May
Pine Muhly Pine Muhly Muhlenbergia dubia P 3' x 3' White flowers on August to September, clump grass
Pink California Fuchsia Pink California Fuchsia Zauschneria californica Pink S 2' x 2' Pink flowers spring through fall
Pink Fairy Duster Fairy Duster Calliandra eriophylla S 4' x 4' Silver-green leaves, fragrant, pink to red duster blooms most of year, showy April through July
Pink Muhlygrass Hairawn Muhly Muhlenbergia capillaris P 3' x 4' Purple to pink flowers on September to November, clump grass
Pink Plains Penstemon Gilia Beardtongue Penstemon ambiguus P 2' x 2' Uniquely showy light-pink flowered species for its extravagant late spring display
Pink Showy Penstemon Desert Penstemon Penstemon pseudospectabilis P 2' x 2' Showy magenta (pink-purple) flowers in mid-summer
Pineleaf Penstemon Pineleaf Penstemon Penstemon pinifolius P 1' x 1' Showy red flowers in late spring, summer
Pine Needle Beardtongue Pineleaf Penstemon Penstemon pinifolius P 1' x 1' Showy red flowers in late spring, summer
Pipestem Clematis Pipestem Clematis Clematis lasiantha P To 20' Small white to tan blooms late spring to mid-summer, vine to 20 feet
Plains Daisy Blackfoot Daisy Melampodium leucanthum P 6" x 1' White flowers later winter to mid-summer
Pointleaf Manzanita Pointleaf Manzanita Arctostaphylos pungens S 6' x 6' White to pink flowers in late winter to spring, red berries in summer
Polka Dot Cactus Bunny Ears Opuntia microdasys C 4' x 4' Pale yellow flowers in spring to early summer, red fruits
Ponderosa Pine Ponderosa Pine Pinus ponderosa T 90' x 30' Evergreen, long needle-like leaves, intolerant
Popotillo Nevada Jointfir Ephedra nevadensis S 5' x 5' Texture of stems, yellow flowers on males in spring
Prairie Coneflower Upright Prairie Cooneflower Ratibida columnifera P 3' x 2' Showy brown, yellow, orange flowers May through October
Prairie Flax Lewis Flax Linum lewisii P 3' x 3' Lavender flowers spring until summer
Prickly Pear Cactus Prickly Pear Cactus Opuntia engelmannii C 3' x 3' Yellow to red flowers April-May, purple fruit
Prickly Phlox California Prickly Phlox Leptodactylon californicum S 3' x 3' Pink/violet/lavender flowers late winter to mid-spring
Prince's Plume Prince's Plume Stanleya pinnata P 6' x 5' 3 foot yellow flower spikes bloom April through September
Profusion Latin American Fleabane Erigeron karvinskianus P 2' x 5' White to pink flowers blooming most of year, ground cover, shuts down during hottest months
Purdy's Penstemon Foothill Penstemon Penstemon heterophyllus P 2' x 1' Showy violet flowers in spring
Purple Nightshade Purple Nightshade Solanum xanti P 3' x 3' One inch blue to purple flowers bloom from late winter to early summer
Purple Pincushion Cactus Spinystar Cactus Coryphantha (Escobaria) vivipara C 1' x 1' Showy pink to purple flowers in spring or early summer
Purple Prickly Pear Black-Spine Prickly Pear Opuntia macrocentra C 4' x 4' Red and bright yellow flowers late spring to early summer, red fruits
Purple Prickly Pear Santa Rita Prickly Pear Opuntia violaceae santa rita C 3' x 6' Pale yellow flowers mid spring, purple fruit in fall drying to grey
Purple Sage Chihuahuan Sage Salvia mellifera S 4' x 5' Fragrant with lavender to purple flowers spring to summer
Purple Sage Desert Sage Salvia dorrii S 2' x 2' Blue flowers bloom late in spring , leaves fragrant
Purple Sage Texas Ranger Leucophyllum frutescens S 6' x 6' Purple trumpet shaped flowers, evergreen silver leaves
Purple Threeawn Purple Threeawn Aristida purpurea P 3' x 3' Bunch grass, purple blooms April to October
Q          
Quadricolor Century Plant Quadricolor Century Plant Agave lophantha CS 1' x 1' Evergreen, greyish green to yellow flower once at about 10 years or more (monocarpic), stalk 12 feet high
Quail Brush Brewer's Salt Bush Atriplex lentiformis S 7' x 7' Yellow flowers July to October, evergreen grey leaves
R          
Rattlesnake Agave Texas Tuberose Agave maculosa T 2' x 3' Pale flowers on stem, spotted green leaves
Red Barberry Red Barberry Berberis haematocarpa S 6' x 8' Fragrant yellow flowers, red berries, purple fall color
Redberry Redberry Rhamnus crocea T 12' x 9' White flowers in March and April, followed by showy red berries, tree looks like scrub oak
Redberry Buckthorn Redberry Rhamnus crocea T 12' x 9' White flowers in March and April, followed by showy red berries, tree looks like scrub oak
Red California Fucshia California Fucshia Zauschneria californica P 3' x 5' Red flowers from mid-spring to early winter
Red Fairy Duster Baja Fairy Duster Calliandra californica S 3' x 4' Bright red blooms February to May, again in fall
Redflower False Yucca Red Yucca Hesperaloe parviflora S 3' x 3' Evergreen, red flowers March through July
Red Hats Upright Prairie Cooneflower Ratibida columnifera P 3' x 2' Showy brown, yellow, orange flowers May through October
Redhead Louisa Bitterroot Lewisia rediviva P 6" x  6" Rose-pink to white flowers in mid-summer
Redshank Redshank Adenostoma sparsifolium S 5' x 6' Small showy white flowers July and August
Redspined Fishhook Cactus Redspined Fishhook Cactus Sclerocactus polyancistrus C 1' x 1' Showy fuschia to magenta flowers in spring or early summer
Red Thistle Red Thistle Cirsium proteanum or occidentale P 6' x 1' Red flowers in spring, dies after it produces
Red Yucca Red Yucca Hesperaloe parviflora S 3' x 3' Evergreen, red flowers March through July
Resinbush Skeletonleaf Goldeneye Viguiera stenoloba P 2' x 3' Golden flowers June through October especially after rains
Ribbonwood Redshank Adenostoma sparsifolium S 5' x 6' Small showy white flowers July and August
Rock Daisy Blackfoot Daisy Melampodium leucanthum P 6" x 1' White flowers later winter to mid-summer
Rock Monkey Flower Kaweah River Bush Monkey Flower Diplacus calycinus S 3' x 3' White to yellow to orange flowers from March until July
Rock Penstemon Baccharifolius Beardtongue Penstemon baccharifolius P 2' x 2' Red trumpet shaped flowers June through September
Rockspirea Rockspirea Holodiscus dumosus S 8' x 5' White spray of flowers in July, fruits in October
Rocky Mountain Douglas Fir Rocky Mountain Douglas Fir Pseudotsuga menziesii T 40' X 20' Long dark green needles, fragrant
Roemer Acacia Roundflower Catclaw Acacia roemeriana T 10' x 15' White fluffy balls of fragrant white flowers, pinkish flat beans
Romero Wooly Bluecurls Trichostema lanatum S 4' x 4' Blue-pink flowers in spring and fall, fragrant
Rose Sage Blue Sage Salvia pachyphylla S 2' x 2' Two-tone red and purple large flowers July through September, evergreen grey-green leaves
Roundflower Catclaw Roundflower Catclaw Acacia roemeriana T 10' x 15' White fluffy balls of fragrant white flowers, pinkish flat beans
Round Hooded Milkweed California Milkweed Asclepias californica S 3' x 3' Attractive deep purple flowers, grey/white fuzzy leaves
Royal Penstemon Royal Penstemon Penstemon spectabilis P 3' x 2' Purple-blue flowers in spring
Rubber Rabbitbrush Rubber Rabbitbrush Chrysothamnus nauseosus S 5' x 6' Small yellow flowers in summer, cotton tufts in fall, grey leaves and limbs
Rush Rose Bisbee Peak Rushrose Helianthemum scoparium P 1' x 2' Yellow flowers March through July
S          
Sacahuista Sacahuista Nolina microcarpa  Y 6' x 8' Greenish white flower cluster in spring, 6 foot leaves
Sacred Thornapple Jimson Weed Datura wrightii P 2' x 4' Showy white or off-white 6 to 8 " flowers in spring, summer, and fall, deadly poisonous
Saguaro Saguaro Carnegiea gigantea CS to 50' Attractive, borne on the branch tips in rings, white with a yellow center, 2 inches across, blooming at night during May and June
Sand Almond Desert Almond Prunus fasciculata S 3' x 3' Tiny, white flowers, not showy
San Diego Honeysuckle Southern Honeysuckle Lonicera subspicata denudata S 8' spread White to yellow flowers spring to summer, climbing
Sand Penstemon Gilia Beardtongue Penstemon ambiguus P 2' x 2' Uniquely showy light-pink flowered species for its extravagant late spring display
Sand Rose Bitterroot Lewisia rediviva P 6" x 6" Rose-pink to white flowers in mid-summer
Santa Barbara Daisy Latin American Fleabane Erigeron karvinskianus P 2' x 5' White to pink flowers blooming most of year, ground cover, shuts down during hottest months
Santa Barbara Honeysuckle Southern Honeysuckle Lonicera subspicata denudata S 8' spread White to yellow flowers spring to summer, climbing
Santa Rita Prickly Pear Santa Rita Prickly Pear Opuntia violaceae santa rita C 3' x 6' Pale yellow flowers mid spring, purple fruit in fall drying to grey
Sawgrass Sacahuista Nolina microcarpa  Y 6' x 8' Greenish white flower cluster in spring, 6 foot leaves
Scarelt Bugler Eaton's Penstemon Penstemon eatoni P 3' x 2' Showy red flowers in spring
Scarlet Bugler Scarlet Bugler Penstemon centranthifolius P 1' x 2' Showy red flowers in spring
Scarlet Gilia Standing Cypress Ipomopsis rubra P 6' x 2' Red, orange, or yellow trumpet shaped flowers May through July (biennial)
Scarlet Keckiella Scarlet Keckiella Keckiella ternata P 3' x 3' Red flowers spring to summer
Scented Penstemon Palmer's Penstemon Penstemon palmeri P 2' x 1' Showy pink flowers in spring, aromatic
Screwbean Mesquite Screwbean Mesquite Prosopis pubescens T 15' x 15' Yellow flowers in late spring, fragrant, interesting seedpods
Scrub Live Oak Scrub Live Oak Quercus turbinella T 6' x 6' Remains small, evergreen
Shindagger Lechuguilla Agave lechuguilla S 18' x 2' Evergreen, yellow-green flower April to August after rain
Showy Four O'Clock Colorado Four O'clock Mirabilis multiflora P 1' x 1' Green leaves, purple flower in July and August
Showy Penstemon Royal Penstemon Penstemon spectabilis P 3' x 2' Purple-blue flowers in spring
Side Oats Grama Side Oats Grama Bouteloua curtipendula P 2' Purple blooms summer to fall
Sierra Buckbrush Buck Brush Ceanothus cuneatus S 8' x 10' White to light blue flowers in late winter to mid-spring
Sierra Mountain Lilac Buck Brush Ceanothus cuneatus S 8' x 10' White to light blue flowers in late winter to mid-spring
Sierra Negra Black Dalea Dalea frutescens   S 3' x 4' Summer and fall bright lavender flowers
Silktassel Bush Canyon Silktassel Garrya veatchii S 6' x 6' Showy male flowers hang in long white catkins from the end of the branches late winter to spring
Silver Buffaloberry Silver Buffaloberry Shepherdia argentea S 12' x 12' Dioecious, silvery buds, orange-red fruit
Silvercloud Violet Silverleaf Leucophyllum candidum S 5' x 5' Violet flowers February to May, silver-white leaves
Silver Fir White Fir Abies concolor S 30' x 12' Evergreen, popular Christmas tree, leaves have lemony fragrance
Silverleaf Texas Ranger Leucophyllum frutescens S 6' x 6' Purple trumpet shaped flowers, evergreen silver leaves
Silverleaf Ranger Violet Silverleaf Leucophyllum candidum S 5' x 5' Violet flowers February to May, silver-white leaves
Silver Lupine Silver Lupine Lupinus albifrons S 5' x 5' Light blue to purple flowers in summer
Skeletonleaf Goldeneye Skeletonleaf Goldeneye Viguiera stenoloba P 3' x 2' Golden flowers June through October especially after rains
Skunkbush Sumac Skunkbush Sumac Rhus trilobata P 5' x 5' Small white or yellow flowers in mid-spring, red berries, leaves turn reddish in fall, deciduous
Sky Blue Larkspur Desert Larkspur Delphinium pasishii P 3' x 1' Blue to purple flowers in April through June
Skyrocket Standing Cypress Ipomopsis rubra P 6' x 2' Red, orange, or yellow trumpet shaped flowers May through July (biennial)
Smallflower Melicgrass California Melic Melica imperfecta P 2' x 8" Clump grass, prefers shade, does well under large trees
Small-leaf Geigertree Little Leaf Cordia Cordia parvifolia S 8' x 10' White clusters of blooms March through November
Smooth Leaf Yerba Santa Hairy Yerba Santa Eriodictyon trichocalyx S 6' x 6' White to purple flowers in spring
Smoke Tree Smoke Tree Dalea spinosa T 15' x 30' Purple sweet smelling pea flowers in the spring, silver leaves, green stems, leaves for only a short time
Snapdragon Penstemon Snapdragon Penstemon Keckiella breviflora P 6' x 3' Wonderfully fragrant, bright yellow flowers spring and summer and elegant foliage
Snowberry Snowberry Symphoricarpos albus S 8' x 8' Small flowers (1/4 inch), pinkish-white, and bell-shaped, white fruit
Snowflake Sage Snowflake Sage Salvia chionophylla P 1' x 6'/yr Blue flowers spring and fall, evergreen gray-white ground cover
Soap Plant Wavyleaf Soap Plant Chlorogalum pomeridianum P to 3' Summer white lilies, dies out in late summer
Soaproot Wavyleaf Soap Plant Chlorogalum pomeridianum P to 3' Summer white lilies, dies out in late summer
Soaptree Yucca Soaptree Yucca Yucca elata YA 6' x 4' Green leaves, bell-shaped white flowers March and April, limbs, dead leaves hang on limbs
Soapweed Yucca Soapweed Yucca Yucca glauca YA 3' x 3' Bell shaped flowers, greenish white, pendulous, June to August
Sotol Desert Spoon Dasylirion wheeleri S 5' x 4' Yellow flowers on 15 to 20 foot stalks, silver to green evergreen leaves
Southern Bush Monkey Flower Kaweah River Bush Monkey Flower Diplacus calycinus S 3' x 3' White to yellow to orange flowers from March until July
Southern California Grape Southern California Grape Vitis girdiana P 9' x 30' White flowers in spring, blue fruit in summer, ground cover
Southern California Walnut California Walnut Juglans californica T 20' x 20' Yellow blooms the March through May resulting in edible nuts, full shade
Southern Honeysuckle Southern Honeysuckle Lonicera subspicata denudata S 8' spread White to yellow flowers spring to summer, climbing
Southern Woodland Penstemon Grinnell's Penstemon Penstemon grinnellii P 2' x 2' Showy pink flowers in spring
Southwestern Coral Bean Coral Bean Erythrina flabelliformis T 10' x 8' Long bright red flowers in racemes near end of branches in June followed by foot long gold and brown pods
Spice Lily Texas Tuberose Agave maculosa Y 2' x 3' Pale flowers on stem, spotted green leaves
Spiny Hopsage Spiny Hopsage Grayia spinosa S 2' x 2' Dark green leaves, bright red flowers March through June
Spinyleaf Zinnia Dwarf White Zinnia Zinnia acerosa P 6" x 18" White flowers after rains
Spinystar Cactus Spinystar Cactus Coryphantha (Escobaria) vivipara P 1' x 1' Showy pink to purple flowers in spring or early summer
Standing Cypress Standing Cypress Ipomopsis rubra P 6' x 2' Red, orange, or yellow trumpet shaped flowers May through July (biennial)
Stansbury Antelope Bush Mexican Cliffrose Purshia mexicana P 8' x 5' Fragrant, white aromatic flowers with long yellow stamens in late spring
Starleaf Mexican Orange Starleaf Mexican Orange Choisya dumosa S 18' x 3' White fragrant flowers mid-spring to early winter, fancy leaves
Stemless Hymenoxys Angelita Daisy Hymenoxys acaulis, prev. Tetraneuris acaulis P 1' x 1' Yellow, long blooming yellow flower February to November
Sticky Monkeyflower Orange Bush Monkeyflower Diplacus aurantiacus S 3' x 3' One inch yellow to orange to scarlet flowers in spring, dormant in summer in desert
Sticky Monkeyflower Sticky Monkeyflower Mimulus aurantiacus P 3' x 3' White to orange to red flowers mid-spring to early summer
Strawberry Cactus Strawberry Cactus Mammillaria dioica C 1' x 6" White to pink flowers, scarlet fruit
Strawberry Hedgehog Cactus Engelmann's Hedgehog Cactus Echinocereus engelmannii C 2' x 2' Flowers used by hummingbirds and butterflies, fruits eaten by songbirds, game birds, and other mammals
Sulfur Flower Sulfur Flower Eriogonum umbellatum S 3" x 3' Yellow flowers in spring, good ground cover
Summer Bush Penstemon Scarlet Keckiella Keckiella ternata P 3' x 3' Red flowers spring to summer
Summer Holly Summer Holly Comarostaphylis diversifolia T 18' x 15' White cup shaped flowers May and June followed by edible red berries
Sundancer Daisy Angelita Daisy Hymenoxys acaulis, prev. Tetraneuris acaulis P 1' x 1' Yellow, long blooming yellow flower February to November
Sun Rose Bisbee Peak Rushrose Helianthemum scoparium P 1' x 2' Yellow flowers March through July
Sugarbush Sugarbush Rhus ovata S 12' x 15' Cream flowers in spring, red fruits in early summer
Sugar Sumac Sugarbush Rhus ovata S 12' x 15' Cream flowers in spring, red fruits in early summer
Sundrops Sundrops Calylophus hartwegii v. fendleri P 1' x 2' Spring and summer clear yellow over night flowers turning pink in morning
T          
Tabardillo Baja Fairy Duster Calliandra californica S 3' x 4' Bright red blooms February to May, again in fall
Tecate Cypress Tecate Cypress Curpessus forbesii T 15' x 10' Evergreen, grey/green, irregularly conical
Teddybear Cholla Teddybear Cholla Opuntia bigelovii C 4' x 4' Green-yellow to white flowers in spring, green or yellow fruit
Tenaza Huajillo Havardia pallens T 20' x 15' Fragrant, white, ball shaped flowers May through August
Texas Barometerbush Texas Ranger Leucophyllum frutescens S 6' x 6' Purple trumpet shaped flowers, evergreen silver leaves
Texas Beargrass Texas Beargrass Nolina texana S 4' x 3' Off white blooms mid-spring to mid-summer, clump grass appearance
Texas Mountain Laurel Mescal Bean Sophora secundiflora  T 20' x 15' Distinctive, showy; pendulous raceme of purple flowers late winter to early spring, fragrant
Texas Muhly Hairawn Muhly Muhlenbergia capillaris P 3' x 4' Purple to pink flowers on September to November, clump grass
Texas Persimmon Texas Persimmon Diospyros texana T 20' x 12' Green to white-green urn shaped flowers, edible black fruit on female  trees, dioecious, madrone-like peeling bark
Texas Plume Standing Cypress Ipomopsis rubra P 6' x 2' Red, orange, or yellow trumpet shaped flowers May through July (biennial)
Texas Plume Texas Plume Bauhinia lunarioides T 12' x 10' Fragrant pale pink orchid-like flowers in spring, butterfly shaped flowers
Texas Ranger Texas Ranger Leucophyllum frutescens S 6' x 6' Purple trumpet shaped flowers, evergreen silver leaves
Texas Sage Autumn Sage Salvia greggi S 3' x 3' Red flowers, aromatic mid-summer to mid-fall
Texas Sage Texas Ranger Leucophyllum frutescens S 6' x 6' Purple trumpet shaped flowers, evergreen silver leaves
Texas Sacauista Texas Beargrass Nolina texana S 4' x 3' Off white blooms mid-spring to mid-summer, clump grass appearance
Texas Sotol Texas Sotol Dasylirion texanum Y 3' x 5' Creamy white flowers on 15 foot stalks spring and summer, light green evergreen leaves
Texas Tuberose Texas Tuberose Agave maculosa Y 2' x 3' Pale flowers on stem, spotted green leaves
Texas Yucca Texas Yucca Yucca rupicola Y 2' x 2' Evergreen, white flowers in late spring to mid-summer
Thompson Yucca Thompson Yucca Yucca thompsoniana Y 10' x 5' Evergreen, white flowers in April to May
Three-leaf Sumac Skunkbush Sumac Rhus trilobata S 5' x 5' Small white or yellow flowers in mid-spring, red berries, leaves turn reddish in fall, deciduous
Toloache Jimson Weed Datura wrightii P 2' x 4' Showy white or off-white 6 to 8 " flowers in spring, summer, and fall, deadly poisonous
Toothless Sotol Mexican Grass Tree Dasylirion longissimum Y 6' x 6' White flowers after red buds, stalk up to 15 feet tall in mid-summer, dioecious
Tornillo Screwbean Mesquite Prosopis pubescens P 15' x 15' Yellow flowers in late spring, fragrant, interesting seedpods
Torry Mesquite Torry Mesquite Prosopis glandulosa var. torreyana T 10' x 25' Yellow flowers in late spring, fragrant, seedpods are sometime scarlet
Toyon Toyon Heteromeles arbutifolia Y 8' x 5' Small white flowers late spring to early summer, beautiful red fruit in clusters later
Trailing Indigobush Gregg Dalea Dalea greggii S 1' x 6' Purple flowers in spring to fall, fragrant, silver foliage, ground cover
Trailing Sagebrush California Sage Artemisia californica S 3' x 3' Accent plant, insignificant flowers
Tree Cholla Tree Cholla Puntia acanthocarpa T, C 8' x 8' Pink to purple flowers most of the year, fruit yellow green
Tree Poppy Tree Poppy Dendromecon rigida S 8' x 6' Profuse bright yellow poppy flowers spring through fall
Trompetilla Bovardia Bouvardia ternifolia S 4' x 3' Showy red trumpet shaped flowers May through November
Tulip Pricly Pear Mojave Prickly Pear Opuntia phaeacantha C 3' x 6' Yellow flowers in spring slowly changing to pinkish orange, mahogany fruits
Turpentinebush Turpentinebush Ericameria laricifolia S 6' x 8' Fragrant yellow flowers mid-fall, red berries, purple fall color
Twisted Yucca Texas Yucca Yucca rupicola Y 2' x 2' Evergreen, white flowers in late spring to mid-summer
U          
Upright Prairie Coneflower Upright Prairie Coneflower Ratibida columnifera P 3' x 2' Showy brown, yellow, orange flowers May through October
Utah Service Berry Utah Service Berry Amelanchier utahensis S 15' x 15' White flowers in spring, fruit in early summer, white bark
V          
Veatch Silktassel Canyon Silktassel Garrya veatchii S 6' x 6' Showy male flowers hang in long white catkins from the end of the branches late winter to spring
Velvet Mesquite Velvet Mesquite Prosopis velutina T 15' x 15' Light yellow flowers with long stamens late spring to mid-summer, seed pods
Venus Thistle Red Thistle Cirsium proteanum or occidentale P 6' x 1' Red flowers in spring, dies after it produces
Violet Silverleaf Violet Silverleaf Leucophyllum candidum P 5' x 5' Violet flowers February to May, silver-white leaves
Violet Texas Ranger Violet Silverleaf Leucophyllum candidum P 5' x 5' Violet flowers February to May, silver-white leaves
W          
Wallaces Pitcher Plant Fragrant Pitcher Plant Lepechinia fragrans S 6' x 6' Aromatic white to purple flowers blooming April to June
Waterjacket Waterjacket Lycium andersonii S 3' x 18" Light purple to nearly white flowers in early spring, red berries in fall
Wavyleaf Soap Plant Wavyleaf Soap Plant Chlorogalum pomeridianum P to 3' Summer white lilies, dies out in late summer
Weber Agave Weber's Century Plant Agave weberi Y 6' x 6' Evergreen blue-green toothed leaves, yellow flowers on 15 foot stalk (monocarpic)
Weber's Century Plant Weber's Century Plant Agave weberi Y 6' x 6' Evergreen blue-green toothed leaves, yellow flowers on 15 foot stalk (monocarpic)
Wedgeleaf Ceanothus Buck Brush Ceanothus cuneatus S 8' x 10' White to light blue flowers in late winter to mid-spring
Wedgeleaf Goldenbush Cliff Goldenbush Ericameria cuneata S 1' x 1.5' Showy yellow flowers late summer and fall
Wedgeleaf Goldenweed Cliff Goldenbush Ericameria cuneata S 1' x 1.5' Showy yellow flowers late summer and fall
Western Blue Flax Lewis Flax Linum lewisii P 3' x 3' Lavender flowers spring until summer
Western Desert Beardtongue Mojave Beardtongue Penstemon incertus P 3' x 3' Showy pink and blue flowers in spring to summer
Western Desert Penstemon Mojave Beardtongue Penstemon incertus p 3' x 3' Showy pink and blue flowers in spring to summer
Western Hackberry Netleaf Hackberry Celtic reticulata T 15' x 20' Attracts songbirds in fall and winter, good shade tree, small green flowers in spring
Western Hackberry Western Hackberry Celtic occidentalis T 45' x 50' Attracts songbirds in fall and winter, good shade tree, small green flowers in spring
Western Mesquite Torry Mesquite Prosopis glandulosa var. torreyana T 10' x 25' Yellow flowers in late spring, fragrant, seedpods are sometime scarlet
Western Redbud Western Redbud Cercis occidentalis T 10' x 20' Showy pink, purple, or white flowers in April, rosy seed pods in May
Western Soapberry Western Soapberry Sapindus saponaria var. drummondii T 40' x 20' Large showy flowers in May and June, deciduous
Whale's Tongue Agave Whale's Tongue Agave Agave ovatifolia Y 5' x 6' Evergreen silver-grey cupped leaves, greenish yellow flowers on 10 to 14 foot stalk
Whirling Butterflies White Gaura Gaura lindheimeri P 18" x 2' Shiny pink flowers from mid-summer to fall, red to green foliage
Whitebrush Whitebrush Aloysia gratissima S 6' x 6' White flowers March to November
White Fir White Fir Abies concolor T 30' x 12' Evergreen, popular Christmas tree, leaves have lemony fragrance
White Flowered Dwarf Zinnia Dwarf White Zinnia Zinnia acerosa P 6" x 18" White flowers after rains
White Gaura White Gaura Gaura lindheimeri P 18" x 2' Shiny pink flowers from mid-summer to fall, red to green foliage
White Sage White Sage Salvia apiana S 3' x 3' White flowers in spring, grey leaves, aromatic
White Sagebrush White Sagebrush Artemisia ludoviciana S 1' x 3' Fragrant silver foliage, insignificant yellow flowers July to October
Whitestem Paperflower Paper Flower Psilostrophe cooperi P 1' x 2' Yellow flowers bloom early in spring and last for a long time eventually turning into dry and paper-like, used for dry arrangements
Whitethorn Acacia Whitethorn Acacia Acacia constricta T 15' x 10' Yellow puffballs in spring, fragrant, attractive brown pods in fall
Wild Watermelon Sage Baby Sage Salvia microphylla S 3' x 3' Red flowers, mid-summer to mid-fall
Wild Zinnia Dwarf White Zinnia Zinnia acerosa P 6" x 18' White flowers after rains
Winterfat Winterfat Ceratoides lanata S 2' x 3' Silvery leaves, white hairs on leaves in fall
Woodland Strawberry Woodland Strawberry Frageria vesca ssp. californica P 6" x 9' White flowers in spring, red fruit in summer, ground cover
Wolfberry Waterjacket Lycium andersonii S 3' x 18" Light purple to nearly white flowers in early spring, red berries in fall
Wooly Bluecurls Wooly Bluecurls Trichostema lanatum S 4' x 4' Blue-pink flowers in spring and fall, fragrant
Wooly Indian Paintbrush Wooly Indian Paintbrush Castilleja foliolosa P 3' x 3' Showy orange to red flowers March through June
Wooly Milkweeed Wooly Milkweeed Asclepias eriocarpa P 3' x 3' Profuse large clusters of pink-white flowers
Woolly Paper Flower Woolly Paper Flower Psilostrophe tagetina P 1' x1' Yellow flowers bloom early in spring and last for a long time eventually turning into dry and paper-like, fragrant
Woolypod Milkweed Indian Milkweed Asclepias eriocarpa P 3' x1' Yellow flowers July to October, red fruits, butterfly magnet
Y          
Yarrow Yarrow Achillea millefolium californica P 3' x 3' White to near white, sometimes pink, flat topped cluster of small flowers from mid-spring to early winter, fragrant
Yellow Bird of Paradise Desert Bird of Paradise Caesalpinia gilliesii   S 4' x 4' Showy red and yellow flowers mainly in spring and summer, sporadically after that
Yellow Bush Snapdragon Yellow Bush Snapdragon Keckiella antirrhinoides P 6' x 3' Wonderfully fragrant, bright yellow flowers spring and summer and elegant foliage
Yellow Bush Pensemon Snapdragon Penstemon Keckiella breviflora P 6' x 3' Wonderfully fragrant, bright yellow flowers spring and summer and elegant foliage
Yellow Butterfly Vine Yellow Butterfly Vine Mascagnia macroptera S 15' vine Bright yellow butterfly shaped flowers during hottest months
Yellow Coneflower Upright Prairie Cooneflower Ratibida columnifera P 3 ' x 2' Showy brown, yellow, orange flowers May through October
Yellow Orchid Vine Yellow Butterfly Vine Mascagnia macroptera S 15' vine Bright yellow butterfly shaped flowers during hottest months
Yellow Pine Ponderosa Pine Pinus ponderosa T 90' x 30' Evergreen, long needle-like leaves, intolerant
Yellow Rabbitbush Rubber Rabbitbrush Chrysothamnus nauseosus S 5' x 6' Small yellow flowers in summer, cotton tufts in fall, grey leaves and limbs
Yellow Yarrow Golden Yarrow Eriophyllum confertiflorum P 2' x 2' Mat of bright yellow flowers blooming late winter to early spring
Yerba Santa Hairy Yerba Santa Eriodictyon trichocalyx S 6' x 6' White to purple flowers in spring
Z          
Zebra Agave Zebra Agave Agave zebra Y 4' x 4' White bloom on stem in late spring, silver-gray striped leaves
Zion Indian Paintbrush Longleaf Indian Paintbrush Castilleja subinclusa S 2' x 3' Showy red flowers spring through summer
Zorillo Starleaf Mexican Orange Choisya dumosa S 18' x 3' White fragrant flowers mid-spring to early winter, fancy leaves