Language: Halkomelem
Family: Central Salish
Stock: Salish
Phylum: Mosan
Macro-Culture: Northwest Coast
Speakers 200   (2002 Poser)  
      The Nanaimo were a sedentary coastal hunter tribe that relied heavily on fishing. They were located on the east coast of Vancouver Island at Nanoose Bay and Nanaimo Harbor. They are closely related to the Cowichan, and they have similar histories. The Nanaimo suffered from the White influx, particularly smallpox. Nonetheless, they remain in their aboriginal location.
Aboriginal Locations
BC      Nanaimo, Snonowas
Present Locations
BC Snuneymuxw First Nation, Nanaimo
Year History
1792 Area charted by Capt. George Vancouver
1827 Hudson Bay Company founded Fort Langley
1843 Hudson Bay Company founded Fort Victoria
1870 Smallpox epidemic
1884 Potlatch banned in British Columbia
1951 Potlatch ban lifted
Year BC Population   Source
1700 700   NAHDB calculation
1800 500   NAHDB calculation
1892 178   Department of Indian Affairs
1900 150   NAHDB calculation
1906 161   Census
2000 1,300   NAHDB calculation
2001 1,344   Indian Northern Affairs Canada
Other speakers of the same language:
Snuneymuxw Tribe Sites:
First Nations History in the Gulf Islands
Gabriola Petroglyphs
Halkomelem:  Cowichan Language
Halkomelem Language
Hlakomelem Linguistic Lineage
History Native Canoes
Nanaimo, British Columbia,_British_Columbia
Nanaimo Definition
Nanaimo Indian Band
Nanaimo in the 1890's
Snuneymuxw First Nation
Snuneymuxw First Nation
Snuneymuxw First Nation
Snuneymuxw First Nation
Snuneymuxw First Nation
Snuneymuxw Statement of Intent
Snuneymuxw Treaty

Last updated 11/11/05  Copyright 2005 by Four Directions Press