Language: Tutelo
Family: Southeastern Siouan
Stock: Siouan Proper
Phylum: Siouan
Macro-Culture: Eastern Woodlands
Speakers None
       The Moneton were a sedentary hunter/farmer tribe. The eastern Siouans fissioned from the greater Siouan culture about 1,000 B. C. and crossed the Appalachians into their arrival territory displacing the previous inhabitants. The Moneton lived along the lower course of the Kanawha River. Pressure from other tribes forced them to confederate with other southeastern Siouan tribes.
Aboriginal Locations: Subdivisions (Villages)
WV  1 (1)
Present Locations
Extinct as a culture
Year History
1671 First mentioned by Thomas Batts on the lower course of the Kanawha River
1674 Visited by Gabriel Arthur, indentured servant of trader Abraham Wood, last word of them as independent tribe, said to occupy a "great" town; they probably united with a Virginia Siouan tribe
Year Total WV Pop. Source
1600 500   NAHDB aboriginal estimate
1700 0 NAHDB calculation
1800 0 NAHDB calculation
1900 0 NAHDB calculation 
2000 0 NAHDB calculation 
Other speakers of the same language:
Manahoac, Monacan, Nahyssan, Saponi, Tutelo
Moneton Sites:
Moneton Village, West Virginia
Tutelo Language
Tutelo Language
Tutelo Language Revitalized
Tutelo Linguistic Lineage

Last updated 10/13/05  Copyright 2005 by Four Directions Press