Ethnie: MOJAVE
Language: River Yuman
Family: Yuman
Stock: Esselen-Yuman
Phylum: Hokan
Macro-Culture: Colorado River
Speakers 234      1990 Census
     The Mojave were a sedentary bellicose hunter/farmer tribe. They nonetheless were active traders.  They occupied both sides of the Colorado River between present Needles and the entrance to Black Canyon. They preyed on most of their neighbors and had conflicts with their closest relatives, the Yuma.  The Mojave had little interest in horses except for food and traveled great distances over desert on foot to prey on other tribes. Their belligerence minimized early immigrant travel over the Colorado River route. They were finally defeated in 1859 and placed on reservations.  In recent years, the Mojave people have worked to prevent the placement of a nuclear waste dump near their lands in Ward Valley.
Aboriginal Locations
AZ Pasion; CA Santa Isabel, San Pedro
Present Locations
Year History
1540 Reached by Alarcón
1604 Met by Oñate
1827 Attacked Jedediah Smith expedition killing several
1850 Harassed travelers on Overland Trail, Fort Yuma established
1851 Lorenzo Sitgraves survey expedition seeking transcontinental rail road route attacked
1857 Conducted disastrous raid against Maricopa who were aided by the Pima and Papago (Tohono O'Odham)
1858 Attacked a civilian immigrant wagon train, in turn attacked and defeated by Naval Lt. Edward Beale force; end of inter-tribal warfare among River Yumans; military post established later at Fort Mojave
1859 Severe defeat by US Army
1860 Beginning of 10 years of epidemics
1865 No treaty ever signed with Mojave, but treaty set aside by Act of Congress established Colorado River Reservation, occupied also by Cahuilla and Chemehuevi
1867 War with Chemehuevi
Year Population AZ CA Source
1680 3,000 Mooney estimate
1700 3,000 1,000 2,000 NAHDB calculation
1770 3,000 Kroeber estimate
1800 3,500 1,200 2,300 NAHDB calculation
1834 4,000  Leroux estimate
1900 1,300 350 950 NAHDB calculation
1910 1,058 Census
1930 854 Census
1937 856 U. S. Indian Office
1965 1,500 Wallace
1989 3,162 BIA
2000 3,800 500 3,300 NAHDB calculation
Other speakers of the same language:
Halchidhoma, Maricopa, Yuma
Mojave Sites
Avi Casino
Colorado River Culture and Ethnobotany
Diverse Neighbors
Early Peoples of the Mojave Desert
Fort Mojave
Fort Mojave Indian Tribe
Ft. Mojave Reservation Termination
Ft. Mojave Tribal-State Gaming Compact
Jedediah Smith's Journals Across the Mojave
The Lost Creations Songs ...
Mohave Indian Language
Mojave History
Mojave Indian
Mojave Indians
Mojave Indians - Beginnings
Mojave Indians - Culture
Mojave Language
Mojave Linguistic Lineage
Mojave Tribe 4th Grade Student project
Mojave Woman
Song of the Land
Ward Valley Dispute
Yuman Group

Last updated 07/26/07  Copyright © 2007 by Four Directions Press