Language: Choctaw
Family: Western Muskhogean
Stock: Muskhogean
Phylum: Algic
Macro-Culture: Eastern Woodlands
      The Mobile were a sedentary hunter/farmer nation. They lived on the west side of the Mobile River below the junction of the Alabama and Tombigbee. Their aboriginal numbers may be inflated or they took large losses from conflict and/or disease. They eventually absorbed into the Choctaw.
Aboriginal Locations (# of Villages)
AL    (40)
Present Locations
Confederated into the Choctaw in MS, LA, and OK
Year History
1540 Chief Tuscaloosa attacked the Spanish and De Leon inflicting heavy losses losing and 2,500 or more
1559 Visited by Spaniard De Luna at village of Nanipacna
1686 Spanish letter speaks of them at war with Pensacola
17XX Moved to near present Mobile before being absorbed into the Choctaw tribe
Year Total AL Population   Source
1540 6,500   per De Leon
1650 2,000   Mooney estimate
1700 400   NAHDB calculation
1725 200   Bieville estimate
1800 0   NAHDB calculation
1900 0   NAHDB calculation 
2000 0   NAHDB calculation 
Other speakers of the same language:
Acolapissa, Bayougoula, Chakchiuma, Chickasaw, Choctaw, Houma, Napochi, Okelusa, Pascagoula, Pensacola, Tohome
Mobile Sites:
Choctaw Language
Choctaw Language
Choctaw Language
Choctaw Language
Choctaw Language
Choctaw Linguistic Lineage
Choctaw Vocabulary
De Soto's Southeastern Trails
DeSoto's Southern Trail
Mobile Indian Tribe History

Last updated 12/12/08  Copyright 2008 by Four Directions Press