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Language: Mattole
Family: Pacific Coast Athapaskan
Stock: Athapaskan
Phylum: Na-Dene
Macro-Culture: Northwest California
Speakers None      
     The Mattole were a sedentary coastal hunter/gatherer tribe. The Pacific Coast Athapaskans arrived in the area late in the first millennium from Canada. The tribe was located in California on the Bear and Mattole River drainages, and a portion of the Eel River.  They later indeed suffered from the influx of gold rush settlers and miners.
Aboriginal Locations
Bear River and Mattole subdivisions
Present Locations
Extinct as a culture, survivors absorbed into local culture with the Bear River band settling on the Rohnerville Rancheria
Year History
1850 Influx of settlers and miners into territories, violence ensued
1853 First recognized by US government
Year Population Source
1,200 Aboriginal population (Baumhoff)
1700 1,200 NAHDB calculation
1770 500 Kroeber estimate
1800 500 NAHDB calculation
1900 400 NAHDB calculation
1910 34 Census
2000 100 NAHDB calculation
Other speakers of the same language:
Mattole Sites
Mattole Language
Mattole Language
Mattole Language
Mattole Linguistic Lineage
Mattole - SFSU Narrative

Last updated 07/25/07  Copyright 2007 by Four Directions Press