Language: Malecite-Passamaquoddy
Family: Eastern Algonquian
Stock: Algonquian
Phylum: Algic
Macro-Culture: Eastern Woodlands
Speakers 1,500 (1998 SIL)
       The Maliceet were a semi-sedentary hunter/gatherer tribe. They were located in the valley of the St. John River, New Brunswick, and in the northeastern corner of Maine. Though the White influx had little effect on their populations, it resulted in the loss of large tracts of land.
Aboriginal Locations: Subdivisions 
NB    Medoctec, Okpaak, Saint Anne    
PQ    Viger
Present Locations
ME   Houlton Band of Maliseet Indians, Littleton
PQ    Big Hole Tract, Newcastle (Red Bank Band)
         Cacouna Reserve, Cacouna (First Nation of Vigor)
         Devon Reserve, St. John River (St. Mary's Band
         Indian Point Reserve, Newcastle (Red Bank Band)
         Kingsclear Indian Reserve, Kingsclear (Kingsclear Band)
         Oromocto Reserve, Gagetown (Oromocto Band)
         Red Bank Indian Reserve, Newcastle (Red Bank Band)
         St. Basile Reserve, Edmunston (Edmunston Band)
         St. Mary's Reserve, St. John River (St. Mary's Band)
         Tobique Indian Reserve, Grand Falls (Tobique Band)
         Whitworth Reserve, Riviere du Loup (First Nation of Vigor)
         Woodstock Reserve, Woodstock (Woodstock Band)
Year History
1497 European fishing boats soon began fishing at Grand Bank off of the coast of Maine soon after the visit of Sebastian Cabot
1524 Giovanni da Verrazano also explored the area
1604 Met by Samuel de Champlain
1617 Pandemic resulting in 75% depopulation
1640 Beginning of Beaver Wars with Iroquois
1776 Lands assigned to the U.S. Maliseet
1794 Jay Treaty gave Maliseet free passage over the U. S.-Canada border
1850 Tribes received Canada lands
1980 Houlton Band became federally recognized
Year Total Population ME NB Source
1600 800 800 Mooney estimate
1700 800 800 NAHDB calculation
1800 800 800 NAHDB calculation
1884 767 Swanton
1900 900 100 800 NAHDB calculation 
1904 805 Swanton
1989 289 BIA
2000 5,200 700 4,500 NAHDB calculation 
2005 800 Houlton Band
2005 178 Edmunston Band
605 Kingsclear Band
358 Oromocto Band
392 Red Bank Band
948 St. Mary's Band
1,479 Tobique Band
617 Woodstock Band
229 Vigor Band
Other speakers of the same language:
Maliseet Sites:
Houlton Band of Maliseet Indians
Little People
Malecite and Passamaquoddy Tales
Malecite Authors
Malecite Indian History
Malecite Indians
Malecite Legends:  The Enchanted Horse
Malecite-Passamaquoddy Language
Malecite-Passamaquoddy Linguistic Lineage
Maliseet First Nation Communities
Maliseet Indians
Maliseet Indian Tribe
Maliseet Language
Maliseet-Passamaquoddy Dictionary
Maliceet Primer
Maliseet Tobique Reservation
Native Peoples in the Upper St. John River Valley
Origin of the Maliseet
Tomah, Fred Basketmaker
Traditional Birchbark Canoes
Woodstock First Nation

Last updated 12/01/08  Copyright © 2008 by Four Directions Press