Language: Mahican
Family: Eastern Algonquian
Stock: Algonquian
Phylum: Algic
Macro-Culture: Eastern Woodlands
Speakers None
      The Mahican were a sedentary hunter/farmer tribe. Their territory included both banks of the upper Hudson from Catskill Creek to Lake Champlain, and ranged eastward to include the valley of the Housatonic. They suffered in conflicts with the Iroquois and Whites and most relocated to Wisconsin.
Aboriginal Locations: Subdivisions (Villages)
CT    Wawyachtonoc (7)
MA   Westenhuck or Houstatonic (1)
NY    Mahican, Mechkentowoon, Wiekajoc(7)
VT     Mahican (1)
Present Locations
WI    Stockbridge-Munsee Reservation, Bowler
Year History
1497 European fishing boats soon began fishing at Grand Bank off of the coast of Maine soon after the visit of Sebastian Cabot
1524 Giovanni da Verrazano also explored the area
1609 Henry Hudson sailed into river named for him
1614 Dutch built Fort Nassau on Castle Island just south of present Albany, would be prone to flooding
1617 Mahican-Mohawk War, Fort Nassau abandoned
1618 Mahican-Mohawk peace brokered by Dutch; Fort Nassau rebuilt on higher ground
1620 Settlement of Plymouth Colony
1624 30 Dutch families settled near Fort Nassau; new war with Mohawk
1628 Mahican defeated by Mohawk; beginning of Beaver Wars (1629-1701) with Mohawk against Mahican allies
1626 Minuit purchased Manhattan Island from a Metoac tribe
1634 Smallpox epidemic
1640 In response to British competition, Dutch began providing guns and ammunition to the Iroquois and Mahican
1642 Mahican attacked Wappinger
1645 Treaty of Fort Orange made the Wappinger subject to the Mahican and required the Metoac on the western end of Long Island to pay the tribe an annual tribute
1665 Mahican had retreated to the Housatonic Valley in western Massachusetts
1672 Mahican surrendered to the Iroquois League
1677 Became the first members of the Iroquois "Covenant Chain"
1680 Tribe sold their lands west of the river to the Van Rensselaer Manoi; some settled among Miami in Ohio Valley
1683 Sold more lands along the Hudson
1690 Smallpox epidemic reduced population to fewer than 800
1724 Mahican at Stockbridge assisted British settlements in Grey Lock's War
1730 Some settled among Delaware in Pennsylvania
1744 Mahican at Stockbridge served as scouts in King George's War
1756 Many Stockbridge sold their Massachusetts land and joined the Oneida in upstate New York
1776 Supported the Americans in the Revolutionary War
1778 Stockbridge received a land grant in Vermont, had lost half of their male population in the Revolutionary War
1793 Ohio Mahican had joined Delaware
1812 Stockbridge and Brotherton warriors served in the American Army during the War of 1812
1818 Some Stockbridge moved to among the Delaware and Miami in Indiana
1822 Remaining Stockbridge and Oneida in New Your sold their lands for tracts in Wisconsin
1938 New tribal government forms under the Indian Reorganization Act
Year Total Population CT MA NY OH VT WI Source
1600 3,000 1,300 200 1,300 200 Mooney estimate
1700 1,000 200 600 200 NAHDB calculation
1796 600 300 300 Dick Shovel
1800 600 300 300 NAHDB calculation
1900 300 300 NAHDB calculation 
1910 300 300 Census
2000 1,400 1,400 NAHDB calculation 
2005 1,500 1,500 Reservation rolls
Other speakers of the same language:
Mahican Sites:
History of Mount Greylock
Mahican Authors
Mahican History
Mahican Indian, A
Mahican Indian History
Mahican Language
Mahican Linguistic Lineage
Mohicans ... War Comes to Stockbridge
Nimham's Indian Company of 1778
Stockbridge Indian Chief Slain at Van Cortlandt Park
Stockbridge (Indian Town)  1737-9
Stockbridge Indian Tribe History
Stockbridge-Munsee Communtiy
Stockbridge-Munsee Culture
Treaty with the Stockbridge Tribe - 1848

Last updated 09/15//05  Copyright 2005 by Four Directions Press